Advertisement

Friction

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 56–65 | Cite as

Correlation of field and experimental test data of wear in heavy commercial vehicle brake liners

  • B. Surya Rajan
  • M. A. Sai Balaji
  • C. Velmurugan
Open Access
Research Article

Abstract

The correlation between the wear behavior of a heavy commercial vehicle (HCV) brake liner tested under controlled laboratory conditions and that in actual field conditions is investigated. A brake liner study for friction and wear is performed on an inertia brake dynamometer (IBD) at different temperatures (200 °C, 250 °C, and 300 °C) using 6000 brake actuations in a laboratory. The total wear loss of the brake liner at three different temperatures for 6000 brake actuations in IBD is found to be 1.12 mm. The actual field test is conducted on four different HCVs, namely, a city bus (CB), a high speed bus (HSB), a highway truck (HWT), and a tipper lorry (TL). These HCVs run at different terrain/traffic conditions and load conditions. When comparing the predicted life of the brake liner through the IBD test with the actual life of the brake liner in different HCVs, a vast difference is observed. Due to the large variation of liner life observed between the actual and predicted tests, an extensive field test is conducted. In the field test, the liner with identical formulation is fitted in the four types of HCVs. The predicted life of the liner using IBD is then correlated with the field test observation and a correlation factor is determined. Based on this correlation factor, the predicted life of the liner and the achieved life on the HCV are found to be fairly close. This study will be useful to design the friction material formulation and to predict the actual life of the brake liner for various HCVs.

Keywords

heavy commercial vehicle wear brake liner correlation factor inertia brake dynamometer friction 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are also grateful to Mr. Sanmugam, Asst. Engineer, PRTC corporation, Puducherry for providing the necessary facilities to take field trial.

References

  1. [1]
    Ostermeyer G P. Friction and wear of brake systems. Forschung im Ingenieurwesen 66(6): 267–272 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Revin A A, Tyurin S V, Fedotov V N. The way to estimate the lifetime of transport vehicle brake pad according to the results of prototype test exploitation. Transport 2: 27–29 (2007)Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Revin A A, Tyurin S V, Fedotov V N, The way to estimate the durability of brake pads according to the results of prototype test exploitation. Transport 8: 38–39 (2007)Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Archard J F. Contact and rubbing of flat surfaces. J Appl Phys 24(8): 18–28 (1953)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Rhee S K. Wear mechanisms for asbestos-reinforced automotive friction materials. Wear 29(3): 391–393 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Pavelescu D, Musat M. Some relations for determining the wear of composite brake materials. Wear 27: 91–97 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Hohmann C, Schiffner K, Brecht J. Pad wear simulation model. SAE Technical Paper No: 1999-01-3392 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Vernersson T, Lunden R. Wear of brake blocks for in-service conditions-Influence of the level of modelling. Wear 314: 125–131 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Liu F, Liang X, Ren Q-Z, Zheng J. Life prediction of EMU brake pad based on optimized neural network and grey theory. International Journal of Digital Content Technology and its Applications 7(10): 118 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Blau P J. Fifty years of research on the wear of metals. Tribol Int 30(5): 321–331 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Wang Q, Qi G, Zhang G, Pu X. Study on brake durability dynamometer experimental method for brake NVH and wear. SAE Technical Paper No. 2014-01-2520 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Minegishi H, Shimizu H, Wakamatsu H, and Yoshino Y. Prediction of brake pad wear/life by means of brake severity factor as measured on a data logging system. SAE Technical Paper No. 840358 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Bogdevicius M, Vladdimirov O. Efficiency of a braking process evaluating the roughness of road surface. Transport 21(1): 3–7 (2006)Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    Wear Test Procedure on Inertia Dynamomete-Brake Friction Materials-JASO C 427–83. Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan, 1983.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    Videla D, Fancher P. Prediction of brake temperatures on urban bus routes. UMTRI 90-32, Engineering Research Division (1990)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Open Access: The articles published in this journal are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Surya Rajan
    • 1
  • M. A. Sai Balaji
    • 1
  • C. Velmurugan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringBS Abdur Rahman UniversityChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringPanimalar Institute of TechnologyChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations