Tribology in metal forming at elevated temperatures


The tribo-characteristics of metal forming at high temperatures have not yet been well understood due to the complex nature of thermal, microstructural, interaction, and process parameters. This is a review paper on the effects of temperature, coating, and lubrication to the tribological characteristics in hot forming as well as the tribometers for different metal forming processes at elevated temperatures mainly based on the experimental work. The tribological behaviors of oxides in hot forming, such as rolling and stamping, were reviewed and presented. Some commonly used surface coatings and lubricants in hot forming were given. Many types of tribometer were selected and presented and some of them provided a great potential to characterize friction and wear at elevated temperatures. Nevertheless, more testing conditions should be further investigated by developing new tribometers. Eventually, experimental results obtained from reliable tribometers could be used in theory and model developments for different forming processes and materials at high temperatures. The review also showed the great potential in further investigations and innovation in tribology.


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Correspondence to Kuniaki Dohda.

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Kuniaki DOHDA. He is a professor of Department of Mechanical Engineering, Northwestern University, USA. His main research interests are in the interrelated area of metal forming, process tribology, surface engineering and micro/meso manufacturing. Currently, he is the president of the International Research Group of Tribology in Manufacturing (IRGTM).

Christine BOHER. She is associated professor of the Ingeneer School of Mines d’Albi Carmaux. She developed the laboratory of Tribology ICA-ALBI in 1998 and has had the scientific responsibility since. The main topics of the research laboratory are the study and modelling of the damages at the microscopic, mesoscopic and macroscopic scales of surfaces in hot friction conditions taking into account environmental effects and especially oxidation.

Farhad RÉZAI-ARIA. He is a full professor at École Nationale Supérieure des Mines d’Albi-Carmaux, France ( and heading SUMO Groupe (Machining Surface Materias and Tools) of Institut Clément Ader ( He is membre of Institut Mines-Télécom (l’Institut Mines-Télécom) France.

He is born in Tehran (1953). He attended the Sharif University of Technology in Tehran and received his BS degree in Metallurgy Engineering in 1976. After moving to France he obtained his PhD degree from Ecole des Mines Paris (Materials Centre) in 1986. From 1988 to 1996, as Professor assistant he was the head of the high temperature fatigue group at Mechanical Metallurgy Laboratory, Professor B. Ilschner, in Swiss Federal Institut of Technology.

Numpon MAHAYOTSANUN. He received his BS/MS and PhD degrees from Department of Mechanical Engineering, Northwestern University, USA. He joined Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Khon Kaen University in 2010. In addition, he is currently the vice president of Thai Tribology Association (TTA). His research areas involve tribology in manufacturing, metal forming, and micro-manufacturing.

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Dohda, K., Boher, C., Rezai-Aria, F. et al. Tribology in metal forming at elevated temperatures. Friction 3, 1–27 (2015).

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  • elevated temperature
  • hot forming
  • oxidation
  • tribometer
  • tribology