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Table 1 Comparison of results between our paper and the existing literature

From: Analysis of high-speed rail and airline transport cooperation in presence of non-purchase option

  J&Z [13] X&Z [16] Our model
Increasing rail speed forces airline to charge lower fares Yes Yes No
Increasing rail speed allows HSR to charge higher fares Yes No Yes
Higher airfare in HSR-inaccessible market when air and HSR compete N.A. Yes No
Higher airfare in HSR-accessible market when air and HSR cooperate N.A. Yes Yes
Higher HSR fare in HSR-accessible market when air and HSR cooperate N.A. Yes\(^{\mathrm{a}}\) Yes
Higher air–air fare in air–air connecting market when air and HSR cooperate N.A. Yes Yes
Higher air–rail fare in air–rail connecting market when air and HSR cooperate N.A. Yes N.A.
Increasing rail speed decreases air shares N.A. N.A. Yes
Increasing rail speed increases HSR share N.A. N.A. Yes
Higher traffic in HSR-accessible market when air and HSR compete Yes N.A. Yes
Higher traffic in air–air connecting market when air and HSR cooperate Yes N.A. Yes
Higher valuation of consumer’s preference leads to lower traffic N.A. N.A. Yes
Higher SW when air and HSR cooperate under higher NP quality in HSR-accessible market N.A. N.A. Yes
  1. J&Z\(=\)Jiang and Zhang [13], X&Z\(=\)Xia and Zhang [16], N.A.\(=\)Not addressed, SW\(=\)Social welfare
  2. aThis relation holds in the long-hole case, but is ambiguous in medium-haul case