Chest pain and acute coronary syndrome in octogenarians admitted to the Emergency Department

Abstract

Background

Although chest pain and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are among the most common complaints in the Emergency Departments (ED), little is known about this topic in the octogenarian population.

Objectives

This study aimed to describe the clinical presentation and to evaluate survival time according to the ACS type in a group of 80-year-old or over patients admitted for chest pain to an ED.

Methods

Patients were classified according to the discharge diagnosis. A multivariable Cox regression analysis was done to assess the association between ACS type and mortality with the non-ACS chest pain group as the reference category.

Results

ACS was diagnosed in 170 of the 391 patients analyzed and 51% of ACS patients were female. Within the ACS patients, 18.8% presented STEMI, 57% NSTEMI, and 24% unstable angina (UA). Most of the patients were treated conservatively. In the adjusted analysis, the incidence of death at 40 months of follow-up was higher in patients with STEMI (HR 3.24; CI 1.59–6.56) than NSTEMI (HR 2.53; CI 1.56–4.11). There was no difference between patients with UA and the non-ACS group (HR 0.64; CI 0.26–1.58), and myocardial revascularization was associated with reduced mortality risk (HR 0.45; CI 0.22–0.92).

Conclusions

A high prevalence of ACS was found among octogenarians admitted to the ED with chest pain, and the ACS type behaved as an independent predictor of mortality. Patients with UA diagnosis had a similar prognosis to patients with non-ACS chest pain, but this needs to be demonstrated by a prospective study.

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Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the non-invasive cardiology service, the hemodynamic laboratory, and the clinical laboratory of Auna Clínica las Américas.

Funding

Not applicable. This work was supported by the authors' own resources. We did not receive grants, contracts or other forms of financial support.

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Correspondence to James Samir Díaz-Betancur.

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The study protocol was classified as a risk-free investigation and approved by the Institutional Research Ethics Committee.

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Díaz-Betancur, J.S., Martínez, J., Zapata, J. et al. Chest pain and acute coronary syndrome in octogenarians admitted to the Emergency Department. Aging Clin Exp Res (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40520-020-01737-3

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Keywords

  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • Chest pain
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Octogenarians
  • Mortality