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Psychological characteristics and eating attitudes in adolescents with drunkorexia behavior: an exploratory study

  • Fiorenzo LaghiEmail author
  • Sara Pompili
  • Dora Bianchi
  • Antonia Lonigro
  • Roberto Baiocco
Original Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Personality and eating and weight disorders

Abstract

Purpose

Drunkorexia represents an emerging phenomenon that is still understudied especially among adolescents. The present study aimed to investigate the relation between drunkorexia and psychological characteristics relevant and commonly associated with existing forms of eating disorders.

Methods

The sample was composed of 849 adolescents (513 boys, 334 girls, 2 unknown; range 14–22) who completed a survey composed of Compensatory Eating and Behaviors in Response to Alcohol Consumption Scale and Psychological scales of the Eating Disorders Inventory-3.

Results

Our findings highlighted that drunkorexia was associated with low self-esteem, personal alienation, interoceptive deficits, emotional dysregulation, and asceticism. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicated that difficulties with emotion regulation and ascetic tendencies were significant predictors of drunkorexia among adolescents.

Conclusions

Our findings suggest the importance for programs preventing drunkorexia to be focused on training adolescents in using more adaptive strategies to manage emotions and accepting both emotional and physical signals without feeling guilty or threatened.

Level of evidence

Level V, descriptive study.

Keywords

Drunkorexia Adolescence Psychological characteristics Emotion dysregulation Asceticism 

Notes

Funding

This study was not funded.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Approval from the Research Ethics Board of Department of Developmental and Social Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome was obtained before data were collected for the current study.

Informed consent

Participants gave their informed consent to take part to the study, and for underage students below 18 years written informed consents were also obtained from parents.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Developmental and Social PsychologyUniversity of Rome SapienzaRomeItaly

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