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Medical complications of bulimia nervosa and their treatments

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this article is to thoroughly review the medical complications associated with bulimia nervosa and their evidenced-based or typical treatments.

Methods

A thorough review of medical literature to cull pertinent and best articles which guide the diagnosis and treatment of the medical complications of bulimia nervosa was performed.

Results

There are many different medical complications of bulimia nervosa which are caused by the mode and frequency of purging. Some are fluid and electrolyte alterations from the utilized mode of purging and some are due to the local damaging effects of purging behaviors on those body sites.

Conclusion

Bulimia nervosa is a serious mental health disorder which has many medical complications associated with it. Most are reversible with treatment.

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Correspondence to Philip S. Mehler.

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Dr. Philip S. Mehler and Dr. Katherine Sachs declare that they have no significant competing financial, professional or personal interests that might have influenced the performance or presentation of the work described in this manuscript.

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This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Sachs, K., Mehler, P.S. Medical complications of bulimia nervosa and their treatments. Eat Weight Disord 21, 13–18 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40519-015-0201-4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40519-015-0201-4

Keywords

  • Bulimia nervosa
  • Medical complications
  • Gastrointestinal
  • Electrolyte