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Eating habits and dietary patterns in children with autism

  • Laura Diolordi
  • Valeria del Balzo
  • Paola Bernabei
  • Valeria Vitiello
  • Lorenzo Maria Donini
Original Article

Abstract

The children with autism have feeding problems such as chewing, preference for the same food that often are responsible for the nutrient imbalance. In this study, we have analyzed the differences in food consumption (food frequency) and eating behavior (CEBI test) between children with autism and their typically developing peers. A statistically significant difference was observed between the two groups for the consumption of milk, yogurt, pulses, rice, and fruit juices (p ≤ 0,005). We observed a significant difference in the analysis of CEBI results when considering the 6- to 9.5-year-aged subgroup with autism vs control subgroup (103.50 and 110.14, respectively). The advices given by nutritionists have proved crucial to improve eating habits in children with autism, in the follow-up.

Keywords

Eating behavior inventory Food consumption Children with autism Nutrition 

Notes

Acknowledgments

All authors have contributed to and read the paper and have given permission for their name to be included as co-authors. No sponsor funding has been used. None of the authors have received any financial support to develop this work.

Conflict of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laura Diolordi
    • 1
  • Valeria del Balzo
    • 1
  • Paola Bernabei
    • 2
  • Valeria Vitiello
    • 1
  • Lorenzo Maria Donini
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Experimental Medicine, Research Unit of Food Science and Human Nutrition“Sapienza” University of RomeRomaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Neuropsychiatry“Sapienza” University of RomeRomeItaly

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