Surveillance of Healthcare-Associated Infections in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: From the Need to a Reality

  • Valeska Stempliuk
Infection Prevention and Safety in Low and Middle Income Countries (C Bardossy, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Infection Prevention and Safety in Low and Middle Income Countries

Opinion Statement

Surveillance of healthcare-associated infections (HAI) is a useful tool for prevention of HAI; however, in low- and middle-income countries, the implementation of HAI surveillance has many methodological and resources challenges. Some challenges are related to skilled and dedicated human resources to perform tasks; others are related to methodological issues such as HAI definition and diagnostic tests available, prioritization of infection to follow-up, data reporting methods, data quality and availability of analyzed information for decision-making. Lack of consistent and representative HAI data are hiding the real HAI problem and decreasing the chances to solve it. Countries should invest strongly to understand the real burden of HAI, and its costs in order to learn the best use of preventive measures available.


Surveillance Hospital-acquired infection surveillance Healthcare-associated infection Infection prevention and control programs Infection prevention and control Core components for infection prevention and control 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Dr. Stempliuk declares that she has no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pan American Health OrganizationWorld Health OrganizationWashingtonUSA

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