Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 56–72 | Cite as

Antipsychotic Pharmacotherapy for Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of Dementia

Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders (J Csernansky, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Antipsychotic medications are routinely prescribed for neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) associated with dementia, despite conflicting evidence regarding their safety and comparative effectiveness for this population. The purpose of this review is to examine the efficacy and comparative effectiveness of first and second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) for the treatment of agitation, psychosis, and overall NPS in patients with Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias.

Recent Findings

There is a paucity of high quality, randomized controlled clinical trials examining the efficacy of antipsychotic medications on NPS under randomized, placebo-controlled, and double-blind conditions. Based on our review, risperidone has the best evidence for the management of agitation and psychosis, with aripiprazole exhibiting better evidence compared to SGAs as a class for overall NPS, with both drugs exhibiting only a small effect.

Summary

Current research demonstrates that antipsychotic medications are not particularly effective for the management of NPS of dementia and carry a substantial side effect burden. Although further research is needed to fully determine the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of these treatments, there is a need to develop safe and effective pharmacological and nonpharmacologic interventions for this population.

Keywords

Neuropsychiatric symptoms Antipsychotics Alzheimer’s disease dementia Agitation Aggression Psychosis 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Dr. Golas has no conflict of interest.

Dr. Fischer has no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References and Recommended Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Adult Neurodevelopment and Geriatric Psychiatry DivisionCentre for Addiction and Mental HealthTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Keenan Research Centre for Biomedical Research, the Li Ka Shing Knowledge InstituteSt. Michael’s HospitalTorontoCanada

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