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Current Pharmacology Reports

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 112–119 | Cite as

Novel Insights in the Management of Dyslipidemia in Patients With HIV Infection

  • Marianthi Papagianni
  • Symeon Metallidis
  • Konstantinos Tziomalos
Cardiovascular Pharmacology (J Ndisang, Section Editor)
  • 59 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Cardiovascular Pharmacology

Abstract

Purpose of the Review

In recent years, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) have become a leading cause of death in patient with HIV infection, despite a reduction of total mortality in this population. Patients with HIV who are receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) have approximately 1.5–2 times higher risk for cardiovascular events than HIV-uninfected people. Dyslipidemia is a major risk factor for CVD and is more prevalent in patients with HIV infection. In the present review, we summarize the current concepts in the management of dyslipidemia in patients with HIV infection.

Recent Findings

Several studies evaluated the safety and effectiveness of statins in the management of dyslipidemia in patients with HIV infections. However, most studies are small and short term and none evaluated the effects of statins on cardiovascular morbidity. There are also very limited data on the role of other lipid-lowering agents in these patients. Moreover, the effect of switching ART on the lipid profile and on viral suppression is also unclear.

Summary

Management of dyslipidemia in patients with HIV infection is complicated by the increased risk for pharmacokinetic interactions between lipid-lowering agents and ART as well as by the adverse metabolic effects of most classes of ART. However, given the increased cardiovascular risk of this population, lipid-lowering treatment, primarily with statins, should be considered and appears to be equally effective as in non-HIV infected subjects.

Keywords

HIV infection Statins Ezetimibe Fenofibrate Dyslipidemia Antiretroviral treatment 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

None.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.First Department of Internal Medicine, Medical SchoolAristotle University of Thessaloniki, AHEPA HospitalThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.First Propedeutic Department of Internal Medicine, Medical SchoolAristotle University of Thessaloniki, AHEPA HospitalThessalonikiGreece

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