Rapid Prompting Method and Autism Spectrum Disorder: Systematic Review Exposes Lack of Evidence

Abstract

This systematic review is aimed at examining the effectiveness of the rapid prompting method (RPM) for enhancing motor, speech, language, and communication and for decreasing problem behaviors in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A multi-faceted search strategy was carried out. A range of participant and study variables and risk and bias indicators were identified for data extraction. RPM had to be evaluated as an intervention using a research design capable of empirical demonstration of RPM’s effects. No studies met the inclusion criteria, resulting in an empty review that documents a meaningful knowledge gap. Controlled trials of RPM are warranted. Given the striking similarities between RPM and Facilitated Communication, research that examines the authorship of RPM-produced messages needs to be conducted.

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Schlosser, R.W., Hemsley, B., Shane, H. et al. Rapid Prompting Method and Autism Spectrum Disorder: Systematic Review Exposes Lack of Evidence. Rev J Autism Dev Disord 6, 403–412 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40489-019-00175-w

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Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Facilitated communication
  • Rapid prompting method
  • Systematic review