Screen media has become an intrinsic feature in the daily lives of children and youths with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This systematic review provides a current overview concerning the significance of screen media in the lives of children and youths with ASD. For the years 2005 to 2016, we identified 47 studies covering media use among children and youths with ASD. These studies concordantly showed screen media as being a preferred leisure activity for children and youths with ASD, and reported mixed evidence compared to children without ASD. Further research on content, functionality, problematic media use, other leisure time activities, and quality of life is recommended.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
For structure and simplification reasons, we choose to use the neutral term “without ASD” whenever we compare children with ASD with other groups from multiple studies. However, in the case of single studies, we use the term used in the respective study, e.g., typically developed, boys with ADHD.
Allen, A. A., & Shane, H. C. (2014). Autism spectrum disorders in the era of mobile technologies: impact on caregivers. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 17(2), 110–114. https://doi.org/10.3109/17518423.2014.882425.
American Psychiatric Association. (1998). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-IV; includes ICD-9-CM codes effective 1. Oct. 96 (4. ed., 7. print). Washington, DC.
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-IV-TR (4. ed., text revision). Arlington: American Psychiatric Assoc.
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®) (5th ed.). Washington: American Psychiatric Publishing Retrieved from http://gbv.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=1811753.
Askari, S., Anaby, D., Bergthorson, M., Majnemer, A., Elsabbagh, M., & Zwaigenbaum, L. (2015). Participation of children and youth with autism spectrum disorder: a scoping review. Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2(1), 103–114. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40489-014-0040-7.
Bagatell, N. J., Cram, M., Alvarez, C. G., & Loehle, L. (2014). Routines of families with adolescents with autistic disorders: a comparison study: Etude comparative des routines des familles ayant des adolescents atteints de troubles autistiques. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 81(1), 62–67. https://doi.org/10.1177/0008417414520691.
Bandini, L. G., Gleason, J., Curtin, C., Lividini, K., Anderson, S. E., Cermak, S. A., ... Must, A. (2013). Comparison of physical activity between children with autism spectrum disorders and typically developing children. Autism : The International Journal of Research and Practice, 17(1), 44–54. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361312437416
Barnes, G. M., Hoffman, J. H., Welte, J. W., Farrell, M. P., & Dintcheff, B. A. (2007). Adolescents’ time use: effects on substance use, delinquency and sexual activity. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 36(5), 697–710. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-006-9075-0.
Bauminger, N., & Shulman, C. (2003). The development and maintenance of friendship in high-functioning children with autism maternal perceptions. Autism, 7(1), 81–97.
Bener, A., Al-Mahdi, H. S., Ali, A. I., Al-Nufal, M., Vachhani, P. J., & Tewfik, I. (2010). Obesity and low vision as a result of excessive internet use and television viewing. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 62(1), 60–62. https://doi.org/10.3109/09637486.2010.495711.
Beyens, I., & Nathanson, A. I. (2018). Electronic media use and sleep among preschoolers: evidence for time-shifted and less consolidated sleep. Health Communication, 1–8.
Bleckmann, P., & Mößle, T. (2014). Position zu Problemdimensionen und Präventionsstrategien der Bildschirmnutzung. SUCHT, 60(4), 235–247. https://doi.org/10.1024/0939-5911.a000313.
Borremans, E., Rintala, P., & McCubbin, J. A. (2010). Physical fitness and physical activity in adolescents with asperger syndrome: a comparative study. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly : APAQ, 27(4), 308–320.
Brewster, S., & Coleyshaw, L. (2011). Participation or exclusion? Perspectives of pupils with autistic spectrum disorders on their participation in leisure activities. British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 39(4), 284–291. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-3156.2010.00665.x.
Cachia, R. L., Anderson, A., & Moore, D. W. (2016). Mindfulness, stress and well-being in parents of children with autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-015-0193-8.
Cain, N., & Gradisar, M. (2010). Electronic media use and sleep in school-aged children and adolescents: a review. Sleep Medicine, 11(8), 735–742.
Chiang, H.-M., & Wineman, I. (2014). Factors associated with quality of life in individuals with autism spectrum disorders: a review of literature. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 8(8), 974–986. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2014.05.003.
Chonchaiya, W., Nuntnarumit, P., & Pruksananonda, C. (2011). Comparison of television viewing between children with autism spectrum disorder and controls. Acta Paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992), 100(7), 1033–1037. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2011.02166.x.
Corvey, K., Menear, K. S., Preskitt, J., Goldfarb, S., & Menachemi, N. (2016). Obesity, physical activity and sedentary behaviors in children with an autism spectrum disorder. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 20(2), 466–476. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-015-1844-5.
Dreyer Gillette, M. L., Borner, K. B., Nadler, C. B., Poppert, K. M., Odar Stough, C., Swinburne Romine, R., & Davis, A. M. (2015). Prevalence and health correlates of overweight and obesity in children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics : JDBP, 36(7), 489–496. https://doi.org/10.1097/DBP.0000000000000198.
Durkin, K. (2010). Videogames and young people with developmental disorders. Review of General Psychology, 14(2), 122–140. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0019438.
Durkin, K., Whitehouse, A., Jaquet, E., Ziatas, K., & Walker, A. J. (2010). Cell phone use by adolescents with Asperger syndrome. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 4(2), 314–318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2009.09.017.
Durkin, K., Boyle, J., Hunter, S., & Conti-Ramsden, G. (2013). Video games for children and adolescents with special educational needs. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 221(2), 79–89. https://doi.org/10.1027/2151-2604/a000138.
Engelhardt, C. R., & Mazurek, M. O. (2014). Video game access, parental rules, and problem behavior: a study of boys with autism spectrum disorder. Autism : the International Journal of Research and Practice, 18(5), 529–537. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361313482053.
Engelhardt, C. R., Mazurek, M. O., & Sohl, K. (2013). Media use and sleep among boys with autism spectrum disorder, ADHD, or typical development. Pediatrics, 132(6), 1081–1089. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2013-2066.
Eversole, M., Collins, D. M., Karmarkar, A., Colton, L., Quinn, J. P., Karsbaek, R., ... Hilton, C. L. (2015). Leisure activity enjoyment of children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2529-z.
Falbe, J., Rosner, B., Willett, W. C., Sonneville, K. R., Hu, F. B., & Field, A. E. (2013). Adiposity and different types of screen time. Pediatrics, 132(6), e1497–e1505.
Fernandes, F. D. M., Santos, T. H. F., Amato, C. A. d. l. H., & Molini-Avejonas, D. R. (2010). Recursos de informática na terapia fonoaudiológica de crianças do espectro autístico. Pró-Fono Revista de Atualização Científica, 22(4), 415–420. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0104-56872010000400009.
Finke, E. H., Hickerson, B., & McLaughlin, E. (2015). Parental intention to support video game play by children with autism spectrum disorder: an application of the theory of planned behavior. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 46(2), 154–165. https://doi.org/10.1044/2015_LSHSS-13-0080.
Gentile, D. A., Swing, E. L., Lim, C. G., & Khoo, A. (2012). Video game playing, attention problems, and impulsiveness: evidence of bidirectional causality. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 1(1), 62.
Healy, S., Haegele, J. A., Grenier, M., & Garcia, J. M. (2016). Physical activity, screen-time behavior, and obesity among 13-year olds in Ireland with and without autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-016-2920-4.
Hendricks, D. R., & Wehman, P. (2009). Transition from school to adulthood for youth with autism spectrum disorders: review and recommendations. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 24(2), 77–88. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088357608329827.
Janssen, I., & Leblanc, A. G. (2010). Systematic review of the health benefits of physical activity and fitness in school-aged children and youth. The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 7, 40. https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-7-40.
Johnson, M. K., McInerney, M. C., Yen, W.-J., & Hutchins, M. D. (2016). Television and electronic device use and overweight/obesity status: children and adolescents with and without autism spectrum disorders.
Karst, J. S., & van Hecke, A. V. (2012). Parent and family impact of autism spectrum disorders: a review and proposed model for intervention evaluation. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 15(3), 247–277. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10567-012-0119-6.
Kuo, M. H., Orsmond, G. I., Cohn, E. S., & Coster, W. J. (2013). Friendship characteristics and activity patterns of adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder. Autism : the International Journal of Research and Practice, 17(4), 481–500. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361311416380.
Kuo, M. H., Orsmond, G. I., Coster, W. J., & Cohn, E. S. (2014). Media use among adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Autism : The International Journal of Research and Practice, 18(8), 914–923. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361313497832.
Kuo, M. H., Magill-Evans, J., & Zwaigenbaum, L. (2015). Parental mediation of television viewing and videogaming of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder and their siblings. Autism : The International Journal of Research and Practice, 19(6), 724–735. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361314552199.
Lai, M.-C., Lombardo, M. V., Auyeung, B., Chakrabarti, B., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2015). Sex/gender differences and autism: setting the scene for future research. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 54(1), 11–24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2014.10.003.
LaVesser, P., & Berg, C. (2011). Participation patterns in preschool children with an autism spectrum disorder. OTJR: Occupation, Participation, Health, 31(1), 33–39. https://doi.org/10.3928/15394492-20100823-01.
Liu, X., Hubbard, J. A., Fabes, R. A., & Adam, J. B. (2006). Sleep disturbances and correlates of children with autism spectrum disorders. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 37(2), 179–191. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-006-0028-3.
Macdonald, M., Esposito, P., & Ulrich, D. (2011). The physical activity patterns of children with autism. BMC Research Notes, 4, 422. https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-4-422.
MacMullin, J. A., Lunsky, Y., & Weiss, J. A. (2015). Plugged in: electronics use in youth and young adults with autism spectrum disorder. Autism : the International Journal of Research and Practice. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361314566047.
Marino, C., Vieno, A., Lenzi, M., Borraccino, A., Lazzeri, G., & Lemma, P. (2016). Computer use, sleep difficulties, and psychological symptoms among school-aged children: the mediating role of sleep difficulties. International Journal of School Health. (In Press).
Marquenie, K., Rodger, S., Mangohig, K., & Cronin, A. (2011). Dinnertime and bedtime routines and rituals in families with a young child with an autism spectrum disorder. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 58(3), 145–154. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1630.2010.00896.x.
Maski, K., Holbrook, H., Manoach, D., Hanson, E., Kapur, K., & Stickgold, R. (2015). Sleep dependent memory consolidation in children with autism spectrum disorder. Sleep, 38(12), 1955.
Mazurek, M. O., & Engelhardt, C. R. (2013a). Video game use and problem behaviors in boys with autism spectrum disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 7(2), 316–324. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2012.09.008.
Mazurek, M. O., & Engelhardt, C. R. (2013b). Video game use in boys with autism spectrum disorder, ADHD, or typical development. Pediatrics, 132(2), 260–266. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2012-3956.
Mazurek, M. O., & Wenstrup, C. (2013). Television, video game and social media use among children with ASD and typically developing siblings. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43(6), 1258–1271. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-012-1659-9.
Mazurek, M. O., Shattuck, P. T., Wagner, M., & Cooper, B. P. (2012). Prevalence and correlates of screen-based media use among youths with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(8), 1757–1767. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-011-1413-8.
Mazurek, M. O., Engelhardt, C. R., Hilgard, J., & Sohl, K. (2016). Bedtime electronic media use and sleep in children with autism Spectrum disorder. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics : JDBP, 37(7), 525–531. https://doi.org/10.1097/DBP.0000000000000314.
McCoy, S. M., Jakicic, J. M., & Gibbs, B. B. (2016). Comparison of obesity, physical activity, and sedentary behaviors between adolescents with autism spectrum disorders and without. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46(7), 2317–2326. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-016-2762-0.
McMahon, E. M., Corcoran, P., O'Regan, G., Keeley, H., Cannon, M., Carli, V., ... Wasserman, D. (2016). Physical activity in European adolescents and associations with anxiety, depression and well-being. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-016-0875-9.
McManus, B. M., Mandic, C. G., Carle, A. C., & Robert, S. A. (2012). The effect of parent–child function on physical activity and television viewing among adolescents with and without special healthcare needs. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 59(3), 305–319. https://doi.org/10.1080/1034912X.2012.697749.
Mineo, B. A., Ziegler, W., Gill, S., & Salkin, D. (2009). Engagement with electronic screen media among students with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39(1), 172–187. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-008-0616-0.
Moher, D., Liberati, A., Tetzlaff, J., & Altman, D. G. (2009). Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. Annals of Internal Medicine, 151(4), 264–269.
Montes, G. (2016). Children with autism spectrum disorder and screen time: results from a large, nationally representative US study. Academic Pediatrics, 16(2), 122–128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acap.2015.08.007.
Mößle, T. (2012). dick, dumm, abhängig, gewalttätig?: Problematische Mediennutzungsmuster und ihre Folgen im Kindesalter; Ergebnisse des Berliner Längsschnitt Medien. (Fat, stupid, addicted, violent?” Problematic media usage behavior and its consequences in childhood. Results of the Berlin Longitudinal Study Media) (1. Aufl.). Interdisziplinäre Beiträge zur kriminologischen Forschung: Vol. 42. Baden-Baden: Nomos. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5771/9783845236902
Mößle, T., Kleimann, M., Rehbein, F., & Pfeiffer, C. (2010). Media use and school achievement–boys at risk? British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 28(3), 699–725.
Must, A., Curtin, C., Hubbard, K., Sikich, L., Bedford, J., & Bandini, L. (2014a). Obesity prevention for children with developmental disabilities. Current Obesity Reports, 3(2), 156–170. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13679-014-0098-7.
Must, A., Phillips, S. M., Curtin, C., Anderson, S. E., Maslin, M., Lividini, K., & Bandini, L. G. (2014b). Comparison of sedentary behaviors between children with autism spectrum disorders and typically developing children. Autism : the International Journal of Research and Practice, 18(4), 376–384. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361313479039.
Must, A., Phillips, S., Curtin, C., & Bandini, L. G. (2015). Barriers to physical activity in children with autism spectrum disorders: relationship to physical activity and screen time. Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 12(4), 529–534. https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2013-0271.
Myers, E., Davis, B. E., Stobbe, G., & Bjornson, K. (2015). Community and social participation among individuals with autism spectrum disorder transitioning to adulthood. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45(8), 2373–2381. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2403-z.
Nagar, A., James, M., & Sah, V. P. (2013). A comparative study on the impact of media viewing on early childhood of typically developing children and children with autism. Journal of the All India Institute of Speech & Hearing, 32.
Nally, B., Houlton, B., & Ralph, S. (2000). Researches in brief: the management of television and video by parents of children with autism. Autism, 4(3), 331–337. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361300004003008.
Nunez-Smith, M., Wolf, E., & Huang, H. (2009). Media + child and adolescent health:: a systematic review. Retrieved from http://ipsdweb.ipsd.org/uploads/IPPC/CSM%20Media%20Health%20Report.pdf.
Obrusnikova, I., & Cavalier, A. R. (2011). Perceived barriers and facilitators of participation in after-school physical activity by children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, 23(3), 195–211. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10882-010-9215-z.
Obrusnikova, I., & Miccinello, D. L. (2012). Parent perceptions of factors influencing after-school physical activity of children with autism spectrum disorders. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 29(1), 63–80.
Omorou, A. Y., Langlois, J., Lecomte, E., Briancon, S., & Vuillemin, A. (2016). Cumulative and bidirectional association of physical activity and sedentary behaviour with health-related quality of life in adolescents. Quality of Life Research: an International Journal of Quality of Life Aspects of Treatment, Care and Rehabilitation, 25(5), 1169–1178. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-015-1172-7.
Orsmond, G. I., & Kuo, H.-Y. (2011). The daily lives of adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder: discretionary time use and activity partners. Autism : the International Journal of Research and Practice, 15(5), 579–599. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361310386503.
Ostfeld-Etzion, S., Feldman, R., Hirschler-Guttenberg, Y., Laor, N., & Golan, O. (2015). Self-regulated compliance in preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder: The role of temperament and parental disciplinary style. Autism, 1362361315615467.
Pan, C.-Y. (2008). Objectively measured physical activity between children with autism spectrum disorders and children without disabilities during inclusive recess settings in Taiwan. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38(7), 1292–1301. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-007-0518-6.
Pan, C.-Y., & Frey, G. C. (2006). Physical activity patterns in youth with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(5), 597–606. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0101-6.
Potvin, M.-C., Snider, L., Prelock, P., Kehayia, E., & Wood-Dauphinee, S. (2013). Recreational participation of children with high functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43(2), 445–457. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-012-1589-6.
Reynolds, S., Bendixen, R. M., Lawrence, T., & Lane, S. J. (2011). A pilot study examining activity participation, sensory responsiveness, and competence in children with high functioning autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41(11), 1496–1506. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-010-1173-x.
Rideout, V. J., Foehr, U. G., & Roberts, D. F. (2010). Generation M2: Media in the lives of 8- to 18-year-olds. Menlo Park: Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation.
Rispoli, M., Lang, R., Neely, L., Camargo, S., Hutchins, N., Davenport, K., & Goodwyn, F. (2013). A comparison of within-and across-activity choices for reducing challenging behavior in children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Behavioral Education, 22(1), 66–83.
Shane, H. C., & Albert, P. D. (2008). Electronic screen media for persons with autism spectrum disorders: results of a survey. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38(8), 1499–1508. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-007-0527-5.
Shattuck, P. T., Orsmond, G. I., Wagner, M., & Cooper, B. P. (2011). Participation in social activities among adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder. PLoS One, 6(11), e27176. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027176.
Singh, N. N., Lancioni, G. E., Winton, A. S. W., Karazsia, B. T., Myers, R. E., Latham, L. L., & Singh, J. (2014). Mindfulness-based positive behavior support (MBPBS) for mothers of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder: effects on adolescents’ behavior and parental stress. Mindfulness, 5(6), 646–657. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-014-0321-3.
Solish, A., Perry, A., & Minnes, P. (2010). Participation of children with and without disabilities in social, recreational and leisure activities. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 23(3), 226–236. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-3148.2009.00525.x.
South, M., Ozonoff, S., & McMahon, W. M. (2005). Repetitive behavior profiles in Asperger syndrome and high-functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35(2), 145–158. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-004-1992-8.
Staiano, A. E., Harrington, D. M., Broyles, S. T., Gupta, A. K., & Katzmarzyk, P. T. (2013). Television, adiposity, and cardiometabolic risk in children and adolescents. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 44(1), 40–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2012.09.049.
Swing, E. L., Gentile, D. A., Anderson, C. A., & Walsh, D. A. (2010). Television and video game exposure and the development of attention problems. Pediatrics, 126(2), 214–221.
Taylor, M. A., Schreck, K. A., & Mulick, J. A. (2012). Sleep disruption as a correlate to cognitive and adaptive behavior problems in autism spectrum disorders. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 33(5), 1408–1417. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2012.03.013.
Venkatesan, S. (2005). Activity log of preschool children with developmental disabilities and autism spectrum disorders. Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal, 16(1), 68–76.
Viera, A. J., & Garrett, J. M. (2005). Understanding interobserver agreement: the kappa statistic. Family Medicine, 37(5), 360–363.
Wagner, M., Newman, L., Cameto, R., Garza, N., & Levine, P. (2005). After high school: a first look at the postschool experiences of youth with disabilities. A report from the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2). Online Submission.
Wainer, A. L., & Ingersoll, B. R. (2011). The use of innovative computer technology for teaching social communication to individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5(1), 96–107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2010.08.002.
Wetherby, A. M., & Prizant, B. M. (2000). Autism spectrum disorders: a transactional developmental perspective: Brookes pub.
Winter-Messiers, M. A. (2007). From tarantulas to toilet brushes: understanding the special interest areas of children and youth with Asperger syndrome. Remedial and Special Education, 28(3), 140–152. https://doi.org/10.1177/07419325070280030301.
Yui, K., & Ohnishi, M. (2013). Plasma cortisol response to asked questions on recent events during videogame play in individuals with autism spectrum disorders. American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, 1(4), 65–70. https://doi.org/10.12691/ajcmr-1-4-5.
Zablotsky, B., Black, L. I., Maenner, M. J., La Schieve, & Blumberg, S. J. (2015). Estimated prevalence of autism and other developmental disabilities following questionnaire changes in the 2014 National Health Interview Survey. National Health Statistics Reports. (87), 1–21.
Zimmerman, F. J., & Christakis, D. A. (2005). Children’s television viewing and cognitive outcomes: a longitudinal analysis of national data. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 159(7), 619–625.
Zimmerman, F. J., & Christakis, D. A. (2007). Associations between content types of early media exposure and subsequent attentional problems. Pediatrics, 120(5), 986–992.
Anja Stiller is supported by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Germany as part of the subproject media protect (01EL1424E) of the research consortium health literacy in childhood and adolescence. No conditions whatsoever were imposed with the financing. We thank Charlotte Franzke and Finja Strube for their support in conducting the systematic review.
Anja Stiller is supported by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Germany as part of the subproject media protect (01EL1424E) of the research consortium health literacy in childhood and adolescence. No conditions whatsoever were imposed with the financing.
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors of the present study.
About this article
Cite this article
Stiller, A., Mößle, T. Media Use Among Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Systematic Review. Rev J Autism Dev Disord 5, 227–246 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40489-018-0135-7
- Media use
- Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
- Leisure time