Media Use Among Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Systematic Review

Abstract

Screen media has become an intrinsic feature in the daily lives of children and youths with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This systematic review provides a current overview concerning the significance of screen media in the lives of children and youths with ASD. For the years 2005 to 2016, we identified 47 studies covering media use among children and youths with ASD. These studies concordantly showed screen media as being a preferred leisure activity for children and youths with ASD, and reported mixed evidence compared to children without ASD. Further research on content, functionality, problematic media use, other leisure time activities, and quality of life is recommended.

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Fig. 1

Notes

  1. 1.

    For structure and simplification reasons, we choose to use the neutral term “without ASD” whenever we compare children with ASD with other groups from multiple studies. However, in the case of single studies, we use the term used in the respective study, e.g., typically developed, boys with ADHD.

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Acknowledgements

Anja Stiller is supported by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Germany as part of the subproject media protect (01EL1424E) of the research consortium health literacy in childhood and adolescence. No conditions whatsoever were imposed with the financing. We thank Charlotte Franzke and Finja Strube for their support in conducting the systematic review.

Funding

Anja Stiller is supported by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Germany as part of the subproject media protect (01EL1424E) of the research consortium health literacy in childhood and adolescence. No conditions whatsoever were imposed with the financing.

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This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors of the present study.

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Stiller, A., Mößle, T. Media Use Among Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Systematic Review. Rev J Autism Dev Disord 5, 227–246 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40489-018-0135-7

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Keywords

  • Media use
  • Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
  • Leisure time
  • Children
  • Adolescents