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A Meta-analysis of DSM-5 Autism Diagnoses in Relation to DSM-IV and DSM-IV-TR

  • Matthew BennettEmail author
  • Emma Goodall
Original Article

Abstract

This appears to be the first meta-analysis study which has incorporated articles on the percentage of people with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Forth Edition (DSM-IV) autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis receiving a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (DSM-5) ASD diagnosis and articles on the percentage of people with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Forth Edition-Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) ASD diagnosis receiving a DSM-5 ASD diagnosis. Our meta-analysis measured the percentage of people with an ASD diagnosis from the DSM-IV or DSM-IV-TR obtaining an ASD diagnosis from the DSM-5. All 24 studies identified indicated a reduction in the number of people with a DSM-IV or DSM-IV-TR ASD diagnosis being eligible for a DSM-5 ASD diagnosis, a 35 and 37 % reduction respectfully. Our meta-analysis also showed that those with a DSM-IV-TR or DSM-IV diagnosis of PDD-NOS were the least likely to qualify for a DSM-5 ASD diagnosis at 26 and 47 % followed by 55 and 19 %, respectfully of people with Asperger syndrome, and 80 and 87 %, respectfully of people with an autism diagnosis.

Keywords

PDD-NOS Autism Asperger’s disorder DSM-IV DSM-IV-TR DSM-5 Diagnosis 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors have not received any research grants. They also declare no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Disability and Community InclusionFlinders UniversityAdelaideAustralia

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