Current Tropical Medicine Reports

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 16–23 | Cite as

Update on Prevention Efforts for Pneumonia Attributed Deaths in Children Under 5 Years of Age

  • Carlos Arreaza
  • Dan Arreaza
  • Jeanette Coriat
  • Iris Kaufman
  • Fernando Stein
Pediatric Global Health (D Nguyen and A Mandalakas, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Pediatric Global Health


Purpose of Review

To update the knowledge base and effectiveness of clinical interventions to prevent death from pneumonia.

Recent Findings

Integrated management, early identification of danger signs, appropriate care at the appropriate time, and the use of vaccines against respiratory diseases have proven to reduce mortality drastically.


Most deaths in children less than 5 years of age are from pneumonia in resource-limited environments. Effective strategies such as early detection of signs of danger, access to appropriate care in a timely manner, appropriate antibiotics administered early on, the use of Kangaroo mother care, supplementation of zinc, vaccination and community interventions must to be considered in order to reduce the burden of childhood mortality due to respiratory diseases.


Pediatric pneumonia Signs of danger Pediatric morbidity Pediatric vaccinations Pediatric antibiotics 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Carlos Arreaza, Dan Arreaza-Kaufman, Jeanette Coriat, Iris Kaufman, and Fernando Stein declare no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Arreaza
    • 1
    • 4
  • Dan Arreaza
    • 2
  • Jeanette Coriat
    • 2
  • Iris Kaufman
    • 3
  • Fernando Stein
    • 4
  1. 1.Mentorship Elective Baylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Medicine SchoolPontificia Universidad JaverianaBogotáColombia
  3. 3.Pediatric AssociatesPlantationUSA
  4. 4.Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children’s HospitalHoustonUSA

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