Quality of Life of Adults with an Intellectual Disability

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Quality of life can be measured both objectively, by frequencies and quantities, and subjectively through feelings. The subjective dimension is the most difficult to measure and the topic of this review.

Recent Findings

Subjective wellbeing is commonly measured by asking how “happy” or “satisfied” people feel on a standardized set of questions. One crucial requirement is that these questions are the same for everyone, whether they have a disability or not. This ensures equivalent standards for judging high and low life quality. The Personal Wellbeing Index meets these requirements. It contains seven items, three of which form the “Golden Domain Triangle” as satisfaction with money, relationships, and achieving in life.

Summary

These three “Golden Domains” represent the key resources supporting life quality for both disabled and non-disabled people. For service provision to be maximally effective in facilitating life quality, it should target sufficiency in these areas.

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Correspondence to Robert A. Cummins.

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Cummins, R.A. Quality of Life of Adults with an Intellectual Disability. Curr Dev Disord Rep 7, 182–187 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40474-020-00205-x

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Keywords

  • Quality of life measurement
  • Life domains
  • Subjective wellbeing
  • Homeostasis theory