Effect of carbon fiber winding layer on torsional characteristics of filament wound composite shafts

  • Mateen Tariq
  • Salman Nisar
  • Aqueel Shah
  • Tariq Mairaj
  • Sohaib Akbar
  • Muhammad Ali Khan
  • Sohaib Zia Khan
Technical Paper


Composite materials are promising candidates as structural materials and substituting metals in extensive applications. Shafts are used in aerospace and automotive structures and hence replacing conventional shafts with composite material shafts is a viable option. Hollow shafts can be manufactured using filament winding technology employing hoop and helix winding layers. Filament winding technology offers several advantages such as continuous filaments through structure and capability for continuous manufacturing. Previously researchers have investigated composite shafts; however, this research elaborates the significance of type of winding layer on torsional characteristics. This paper reports the effects of carbon fiber winding layer on torsional characteristics of filament wound composite hollow shafts. Shafts were manufactured using filament winding technology with continuous carbon fiber roving and epoxy matrix material and tested using the torsional testing machine. The finite element (FE) simulations have been carried out with a general purpose commercial FE code, ABAQUS, to demonstrate shafts in torsional loading. The results revealed that values from torsional test correlate with developed finite element model. It was concluded that helix winding layer offers high hardness and more resistance to torsional forces as compared to hoop winding layer in filament wound composite shafts.


Composite Carbon fiber Hollow shafts Filament winding 



The authors thank the technicians at PN Engineering College, NUST, for technical support in manufacturing and testing of samples. Furthermore, we would like to thank our colleagues for provision of FEA expertise.


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Copyright information

© The Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Industrial Manufacturing Engineering and Management, PN Engineering CollegeNational University of Sciences and TechnologyKarachiPakistan
  2. 2.Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research CommissionKarachiPakistan
  3. 3.School of Aerospace, Transport and ManufacturingCranfield UniversityCranfieldUK
  4. 4.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringIslamic University of MadinahMadinahSaudi Arabia

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