In the present study, an analytical solution based on a double perturbation method is obtained to simulate the creeping motion of a Boger drop descending in an immiscible viscoelastic quiescent medium. The perturbation parameters are considered to be the Deborah number defined based on the relaxation times of interior and exterior media and the Capillary number. The Oldroyd-B model is implemented as a constitutive equation for both interior and exterior phases. The analytical solutions are obtained up to second order of perturbation expansion for both phases. The motion of the droplet in the surrounding medium is considered to be creeping. Effects of different parameters including, Deborah numbers, viscosity ratios, elasto-capillary number, and viscosity ratio between the drop and external flows are investigated on the shape, motion, and stream function in detail. In contrast to the generally spherical shape of creeping drops in Newtonian regimes, it is shown that the effect of elasticity in a non-Newtonian scenario can feature prolate or oblate shapes. It is shown that an increment in elastic properties of interior fluid is followed by decrement in the terminal velocity of the droplet, while an increment in elasticity of exterior fluid has a contrary effect and increases the terminal velocity. The results have shown suitable agreements with previously reported experimental results.
Viscoelastic drop Viscoelastic media Creeping motion Oldroyd-B model Deborah number Elasto-capillary number Perturbation method
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The authors would like to express their gratitude to Professor Morton Denn of the Levich Institute, City College of New York, USA, for his valuable discussions and guidance during the present research.
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