Numerical analysis and performance experiment of electric submersible pump with different diffuser vanes number

  • Ling Zhou
  • Ling Bai
  • Weidong Shi
  • Wei Li
  • Chuan Wang
  • Daoxing Ye
Technical Paper


Space diffuser is one of the most critical flow components in electric submersible pumps; its hydraulic design has the significant effects on the pump performance. In this paper, a typical electric submersible pump was chosen as the research object to study the influence of space diffuser vanes number, by means of numerical simulation and experimental test methods. Based on the same curve profile and same impeller, the diffuser vanes number was adjusted to three different schemes of 6, 7, and 8. Calculation domain was created based on single-stage pump model, and meshed by the high density of structured grids associating with grid independence analysis. The numerical simulations under multi-conditions were performed based on SST k-ω turbulence model and standard wall function. Through the comparisons of predicted pump performance, we found that the pump head is increasing slightly with the increase of vanes number under part-loading conditions. However, excessive vanes occupy more passage area, which leads to blockings and more hydraulic losses under over-loading conditions. The diffuser scheme with seven vanes matches the impeller very well with less hydraulic losses. The test results prove that this scheme has an excellent pump performance, both the single-stage head and efficiency are higher than the Chinese national standard.


Numerical simulation Space diffuser Electric submersible pump Vanes number Efficiency 



This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51609106), Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (Grant No. BK20150508), Jiangsu Province Universities Natural Sciences Foundation (Grant No. 15KJB570001), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2015M581737 and 2017T100331), Jiangsu Planned Projects for Postdoctoral Research Funds (Grant No. 1501069A), Senior Personnel Foundation of Jiangsu University (Grant No. 15JDG047), and the Open Research Subject of Key Laboratory of Fluid and Power Machinery (Xihua University), Ministry of Education (Grant No. szjj2015-023).


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Copyright information

© The Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Research Center of PumpsJiangsu UniversityZhenjiangChina
  2. 2.School of Mechanical EngineeringNantong UniversityNantongChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Fluid and Power Machinery, Ministry of EducationXihua UniversityChengduChina

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