Ten Years of the Yale Food Addiction Scale: a Review of Version 2.0

  • Adrian MeuleEmail author
  • Ashley N. Gearhardt
Food Addiction (A Meule, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Food Addiction


Purpose of Review

The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) is a self-report questionnaire for the assessment of addiction-like consumption of high-calorie, processed foods. The original scale was developed in 2009 and—for its tenth anniversary—we now review studies using its revised version—the YFAS 2.0.

Recent Findings

The 11 symptoms of food addiction as measured with the YFAS 2.0 demonstrated high internal reliability and a unidimensional structure in several studies, supporting construct validity. Similar to the original YFAS, highest prevalence rates of YFAS 2.0 diagnoses were found in individuals with bulimia nervosa, followed by binge eating disorder, anorexia nervosa, subthreshold eating disorders, obesity, and unselected samples. Scores on the YFAS 2.0 were associated with other disordered eating behaviors and several co-morbid mental disorders.


The YFAS 2.0 is an internal reliable measure that shows factorial validity, yet more studies are needed that demonstrate retest-reliability and predictive validity. Prevalence rates and correlates of YFAS 2.0 diagnoses are largely similar to those observed with the original YFAS.


Food addiction Eating addiction DSM-5 Substance use disorder Obesity Binge eating 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and PsychotherapyUniversity Hospital of the LMU MunichMunichGermany
  2. 2.Schoen Clinic RoseneckPrien am ChiemseeGermany
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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