The Classification and Organisation of Alcohol Misuse Prevention with a Focus on Environmental Prevention
Purpose of Review
Classifying prevention as universal, selective or indicated only considers the form of interventions. This is limited as it fails to explain the function, or purpose, of interventions. This paper discusses a taxonomy for alcohol misuse prevention that considers both the form and function of prevention interventions. It adds to the previous literature by incorporating subcategories of classification for environmental prevention.
Within each taxonomy category there are interventions which are more, and less effective, but not one single category has comprehensive evidence of efficacy. Environmental prevention may have the greatest potential to deliver interventions that are efficient, cost effective and reduce health inequalities. However, comprehensive, systems oriented, prevention coverage should combine all three functional approaches.
This taxonomy can be used to organise and classify alcohol misuse prevention interventions and to determine where alcohol misuse prevention strategies and research is warranted. Furthermore, it can help practitioners and researchers to consider the subcategories of environmental prevention: an area that is rapidly gaining traction in the prevention field.
KeywordsPrevention Classification Taxonomy Substance misuse Alcohol
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Parvati R. Perman-Howe, Emma L. Davies, and David R. Foxcroft declare they have no conflict of interest. However, Oxford Brookes University has received funding from the alcohol industry for unrelated education and training work.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
All reported studies/experiments with human or animal subjects performed by the authors have been previously published and complied with all applicable ethical standards (including the Helsinki declaration and its amendments, institutional/national research committee standards, and international/national/institutional guidelines).
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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