International Approaches to Tobacco Use Cessation Programming and Prevention Interventions among Indigenous Adolescents and Young Adults
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This article reviews evidence-based smoking cessation and prevention programs for Indigenous youth and young adults in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the USA.
A systematic review using PubMed and PsycINFO search engines was conducted to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-experimental studies focusing on Indigenous youth and young adults.
Beyond two Cochrane reviews (2012) of smoking cessation and prevention programs for Indigenous youth and young adults, we located only two additional studies post Cochrane review. Combined results from the articles in the Cochrane reviews and the more recent studies suggest that recruitment of young Indigenous populations is challenging. Only one study with the smoking cessation program using mobile phone text messaging among the Maori was shown effective.
Additional evidence-based programs are essential for Indigenous youth and young adults to reduce smoking initiation and prevalence rates. Further evaluations of commercial tobacco use prevention and cessation programs are needed to bridge the gap between tobacco-related health disparities in Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations. Additionally, qualitative research is encouraged to further understand the barriers to recruitment.
KeywordsIndigenous Youth Young adults American Indian Maori First Nations Aboriginals Cessation Prevention Tobacco use
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Claradina Soto, Jennifer B. Unger, Steve Sussman, and Ingrid Zeledon declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as:• Of importance
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