Biogeography and Conservation of Gesneriaceae in the Serra da Mantiqueira, Southeastern Region of Brazil

Abstract

The present work aimed to study the distribution and richness of Gesneriaceae in the Serra da Mantiqueira (SM), located in Southeastern Region of Brazil, as well as to evaluate the conservation degree of endemic species and possible areas of endemism of this Serra. The analyzed data were obtained from the literature, as well as from eight herbariums with representative collections of the SM, from field expeditions and an online database, and then marked on a map which was divided into 0.5° × 0.5° grid squares. Richness grid similarity analyzes were performed for the 55 species found, while a parsimony analysis of endemism and the conservation status evaluation were only performed with the 15 endemic species of Gesneriaceae registered for the SM. The highest richness was found for Northern Mantiqueira and the similarity between the squares confirmed the two SM sectors and the existence of a relationship between the interior of the ES and the Zona da Mata of MG. The 15 endemic species of the SM should be considered threatened to some degree due to restricted distribution, reduced populations and/or anthropogenic impact in their occurrence habitats. Given this richness, there is an imminent need for conservation policies which truly guarantee effective protection of the SM, as it represents a relevant refuge for species in general.

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Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank the Pós-graduação em Ecologia da Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora program for support in the field work; to the Leopoldo Krieger herbarium (CESJ), the Instituto Estadual de Florestas and the Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade for the logistic support; to Dra. Fátima Salimena and all collaborators who contributed to this work. This study was financed in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento e Pessoal de Nível Superior—Brasil (CAPES)—Finance Code 001.

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Material preparation, data collection, analysis were performed and drafted the paper by LCP; AC performed data collection and assisted in the analysis and writing of the text; LMN designed, supervised and assisted in carrying out all the work. All authors read the final manuscript and approved the submission.

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Correspondence to Luciana Carvalho Pereira.

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Pereira, L.C., Chautems, A. & Menini Neto, L. Biogeography and Conservation of Gesneriaceae in the Serra da Mantiqueira, Southeastern Region of Brazil. Braz. J. Bot 44, 239–248 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40415-020-00671-y

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Keywords

  • Atlantic forest
  • Endemic species
  • Geographic distribution
  • Threatened species