Brazilian Journal of Botany

, Volume 40, Issue 2, pp 399–404 | Cite as

Essential oil of spiked pepper, Piper aduncum L. (Piperaceae), for the control of caterpillar soybean looper, Chrysodeixis includens Walker (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

  • Cristina Sanini
  • Angélica Massarolli
  • Diones Krinski
  • Alessandra Regina Butnariu
Original Article

Abstract

The resistance of pests to insecticides and the high costs of pest control have prompted a search for less harmful alternatives to the environment. Phytoinsecticides can be a promising option in the control of pests. The insecticidal properties of the essential oil of Piper aduncum L. (Piperaceae) have been demonstrated by several authors. This study was aimed at evaluating the insecticidal activity of P. aduncum essential oil on caterpillars of the soybean looper, Chrysodeixis includens Walker. Two bioassays were conducted: The first was based on the ingestion of treated leaves, while the second, on direct contact. Chromatography was performed, and the resulting oil was used to treat larvae fed cotton leaves at the concentrations of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0, and 8.0%. The controls consisted of water and acetone. The first assessment was carried out 24 h after the application. The main compounds identified by chromatography were dillapiole, myristicin, and Z-carpacin. In the ingestion bioassay, mortality reached 90% for the highest concentration in the first 24 h after application. For the topical application of P. aduncum essential oil, no significant differences were observed until the end of the life cycle of C. includens. This study demonstrates the insecticidal activity essential oil of P. aduncum on C. includens and its potential in the control of this insect by ingestion.

Keywords

Biopesticide Dillapiole Pest control Phytoinseticides 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Dr. Cícero Deschamps and his staff at the Laboratory of Plant Ecophysiology (UFPR) for assistance with oil extraction and Dr. Clécio Souza Ramos of the Department of Molecular Sciences (UFRPE), for the chromatography of the essential oil. The authors also thank the staff of the lepidopteran rearing facility of the Laboratory of Entomology of UNEMAT/CUTS.

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Copyright information

© Botanical Society of Sao Paulo 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Environment and Production SystemMato Grosso State UniversityTangará da SerraBrazil
  2. 2.Polytechnic Center, Sector of Biological Sciences, Department of ZoologyParaná Federal UniversityCuritibaBrazil
  3. 3.Mato Grosso State UniversityTangará da SerraBrazil

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