Brazilian Journal of Botany

, Volume 40, Issue 2, pp 551–564 | Cite as

Caloglossa species diversity (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta) based on morphology and DNA data with emphasis on southeastern Brazil

  • Cecilia Hissami Kano
  • Fernando Santos de Sena
  • Valéria Cassano
  • Mutue Toyota Fujii
Original Article


Species of the marine red algal genus Caloglossa are among taxonomically confuse taxa as a consequence of their widespread phenotypic plasticity. Therefore, in this study, we assessed the specific diversity of Caloglossa from southeastern Brazil by combining both morphological observations and molecular markers. We used cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI-5P) and partial sequences of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase large subunit (rbcL) gene to investigate 15 taxa of Caloglossa. The four species previously referred to Brazil, C. apomeiotica, C. confusa, C. leprieurii, and C. ogasawaraensis, were also confirmed in this study, and C. rotundata is reported for the first time in the Atlantic Ocean; tetrasporangia are described for the first time for the latter species. Caloglossa confusa has its geographical distribution extended to northeastern Brazil, and C. apomeiotica represents the first record for São Paulo State. Furthermore, the rbcL sequence data indicate that the molecular distinction within the same species ranges from 0 to 5.4%, whereas interspecific divergence ranged between 2.4 and 14.5%, and COI-5P interspecific divergence ranged from 2.5 to 3.3%. The low intraspecific divergence observed (0-0.01%) for COI-5P results from the few samples sequenced.


COI-5P DNA barcode Phylogeny rbcTaxonomy 



This work was partially supported by research grants from ‘Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo’ (FAPESP, Proc. 2012/18775-6) and the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq, Proc. 484647/2012-1). The first author thanks the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES, Proc. 23038.000077/2010-38) for the Master’s dissertation fellowship. MTF thanks CNPq for the Productivity Fellowship (Proc. 303915/2013-7).

Supplementary material

40415_2016_360_MOESM1_ESM.docx (32 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 31 kb)


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Copyright information

© Botanical Society of Sao Paulo 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cecilia Hissami Kano
    • 1
    • 4
  • Fernando Santos de Sena
    • 2
    • 3
  • Valéria Cassano
    • 3
  • Mutue Toyota Fujii
    • 4
  1. 1.Postgraduate Program in “Biodiversidade Vegetal e Meio Ambiente”Instituto de BotânicaSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Postgraduate Program in “Botany”, Departamento de BotânicaInstituto de BiociênciasUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Departamento de Botânica, Instituto de BiociênciasUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Núcleo de Pesquisa em FicologiaInstituto de BotânicaSão PauloBrazil

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