Brazilian Journal of Botany

, Volume 40, Issue 2, pp 517–527 | Cite as

Plant potentialities determine anatomical and histochemical diversity in Mikania glomerata Spreng. galls

  • Daniela O. Amorim
  • Bruno G. Ferreira
  • Graziela Fleury
Original Article

Abstract

Arthropod gall super-hosts have distinct developmental responses to each gall inducer species. The taxa and feeding habits of the gall inducers determine each gall’s histological patterns, but the host plant imposes histological constraints on gall differentiation. Mikania glomerata Spreng. (Asteraceae) is a gall super-host, presenting at least six distinct gall morphotypes. The aim of current study was to evaluate how different species of Cecidomyiidae can manipulate the same host plant tissues, demonstrating the potentialities of M. glomerata under distinct external signaling. We compared M. glomerata anatomy and histochemistry in fusiform galls induced by Liodiplosis cylindrica (Gagné 2001) on petioles, globoid galls induced by L. spherica (Gagné 2001) on leaf laminae, and conic galls of Clinodiplosis sp. on leaf laminae as well as in non-galled leaves and petioles. Even though each gall presents several distinct features, they share anatomical and histochemical patterns, determined by the host plant potentialities. We found that the ground and dermal system tissues were manipulated differently by each inducer, generating distinct gall morphotypes. Alterations on epidermal cell shapes and suppression of the capitate glandular trichomes occured in all studied galls. We report for the first time the occurrence of nutritive cells containing starch in globoid galls. The anatomical diversity of the galls on M. glomerata seems to be more related to distinct differentiation pathways of the host plant than to the taxonomic relationships between the gall-inducing species.

Keywords

Cecidomyiidae Cell redifferentiation Histochemistry Nutritive tissue Plant anatomy 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Programa Institucional de Apoio a Pesquisa (PAPq/Universidade do Estado de Minas Gerais) and Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG) for first author’s scholarship; Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) for financial support; Andreia Fonseca Silva (Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuária de Minas Gerais—EPAMIG) and Dr Valéria Cid Maia (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro—UFRJ) for taxonomic assistance; Wagner A. Rocha, Gabriele Andreia da Silva and Sílvia Rabelo de Sousa for technical support; Dr Rosy M.S. Isaias (Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais—UFMG) for material support and suggestions on the early versions of the manuscript; and Sofia C. Avritzer for English review.

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Copyright information

© Botanical Society of Sao Paulo 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidade do Estado de Minas Gerais (UEMG – Divinópolis)DivinópolisBrazil
  2. 2.Dept. Botânica, Instituto de Ciências BiológicasUniversidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)Belo HorizonteBrazil

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