Brazilian Journal of Botany

, Volume 40, Issue 2, pp 491–502 | Cite as

The morpho-anatomy of cypselae in subtribe Leiboldiinae (Vernonieae, Asteraceae)

  • Rosario Redonda-Martínez
  • Teresa Terrazas
  • Alicia Rojas-Leal
  • José Luis Villaseñor
Original Article


Surface and some anatomical characteristics of mature cypselae in four genera and 12 species members of the subtribe Leiboldiinae were analyzed, through light and scanning electron microscopy, with the aims of testing their diagnostic value in the taxonomical delimitation, and for this reason also studied related genera of Vernonieae which corresponds to 13 genera and 15 species grouped in seven subtribes. In addition to performing a detailed description of cypselae surface and anatomical characteristics, their potential taxonomical value is discussed. Most Leiboldiinae have prismatic cypselae, but when combined with the number of ribs and surface characteristics, species or genera can be identified. For example, Stramentopappus has obovate glabrous cypselae without a carpopodium compared with the other members of this subtribe. Bolanosa has a sericeous glandular indumentum, and Leiboldia has glands at the base of the cypselae and reticulate primary sculpture. The species of Leiboldiinae and other subtribes of Vernonieae here studied with crystals have prismatic ones contrary to the ones previously described for the Neotropical Vernonieae that were considered raphides.


Compositae Glands Idioblasts Indumentum Primary sculpture Twin hairs 



RRM thanks to Posgrado en Ciencias Biológicas de la UNAM and Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACyT) for the fellowship (263523). Thanks to Berenit Mendoza-Garfías for SEM help and to Rosalinda Medina-Lemos, Esteban Martínez-Salas, Mauricio Mora-Jarvio, familia Pérez-Santiago, Clara Hilda Ramos-Álvarez, Jorge Calónico-Soto, Miriam Reyes-Cornejo and Itzi Fragoso-Martínez for assisted to the first author during the field work. Rito Vega (UAS) gave us material for Vernonia bolleana, and to the curators of the herbaria CIB, CIIDIR, CTES, ENCB, FCME, IEB, MEXU, XAL and XALU for the facilities to consult the material. Thanks to Julio César Rojas-Montero for art work and to the reviewers for the useful comments.

Supplementary material

40415_2016_349_MOESM1_ESM.doc (44 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 44 kb)
40415_2016_349_MOESM2_ESM.doc (32 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOC 32 kb)
40415_2016_349_MOESM3_ESM.doc (58 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (DOC 57 kb)


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Copyright information

© Botanical Society of Sao Paulo 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rosario Redonda-Martínez
    • 1
    • 2
  • Teresa Terrazas
    • 3
  • Alicia Rojas-Leal
    • 3
  • José Luis Villaseñor
    • 3
  1. 1.Posgrado en Ciencias BiológicasUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoCiudad de MéxicoMexico
  2. 2.Instituto de EcologíaA.C. Centro Regional del BajíoMichoacánMexico
  3. 3.Departamento de Botánica, Instituto de BiologíaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoCiudad de MéxicoMexico

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