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Degree of coupling and coordination of eco-economic system and the influencing factors: a case study in Yanchi County, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

Abstract

Based on the statistical data, we analyzed and evaluated the degree of coupling and coordination of the eco-economic system in Yanchi County for the period spanning from 1983 to 2014. The eco-economic system can be divided into socioeconomic and ecological sub-systems and their relationship can reveal the interaction state between the two sub-systems and help the local government to establish a coordinated development mode. An index system was constructed to assess the development of the two sub-systems before the evaluation of the degree of coupling and coordination. The principal component regression analysis was adopted to quantitatively assess the influences of natural, economic and social factors on the degree of coupling and coordination of the eco-economic system. Results showed that, from 1983 to 2014, the development trends of both sub-systems were increasing with the ecological sub-system having more fluctuations. The degree of coupling and coordination of the eco-economic system in the study area increased gradually from 1983 to 2014, but experienced five different development stages from the verge of disorder to favorable coordination. The development of the local social and economic conditions was the most important factor influencing the degree of coupling and coordination. The second most important factor was the financial support from the local government. In addition, the environment protection policies also played undeniable roles. Due to the diversity of the influence factors, the government should take comprehensive measures to promote the sustainable development of the eco-economic system.

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Acknowledgments

This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41471436, 41601587), the National Science and Technology Support Program of China (2015BAC06B01), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFC0500909) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41601587). The authors are very grateful to the anonymous reviewers and editors for their critical review and comments which helped to improve and clarify the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Lihua Zhou.

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Lu, H., Zhou, L., Chen, Y. et al. Degree of coupling and coordination of eco-economic system and the influencing factors: a case study in Yanchi County, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China. J. Arid Land 9, 446–457 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40333-017-0098-z

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40333-017-0098-z

Keywords

  • degree of coupling and coordination
  • eco-economic system
  • ecological sub-system
  • socioeconomic sub-system
  • Yanchi County