Migration and accumulation of heavy metals in disturbed landscapes in developing ore deposits, East Kazakhstan

Abstract

This paper studied the contents of heavy metals and their accumulation in the disturbed landscapes in ore deposits of East Kazakhstan. A total of 14 sites were examined in Zyrynovsky and Tishinsk deposits and Ridder town, and 50 soil samples were taken. Results indicated that the contents of heavy metals in the soil reached the maximum permissible concentration. Emissions of the zinc plant negatively affected the soil of nearby territories. In the remediated areas, a high concentration of heavy metals was observed at a depth where the bulk soil borders the rock. Accumulation of heavy metals on the surface of the remediated areas occurred due to biological accumulation in the plant. Plants transmitted heavy elements through the root system to the upper vegetative organs, making them accumulate in the upper layers of the soil. The heavy metals migrated and accumulated from the lower layers to the surface layers of the soil. The absence of soil meso-fauna resulted in the contamination of soil by heavy metals. The analysis of water samples, taken from the waste storages and the waste waters with heavy metals in the Zyryanovsk deposit and Ridder town, revealed severe water contamination.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Alekseev Y V. 1987. Heavy Metals in Soils and Plants. Leningrad: Agropromizdat, 95.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Bulanov-Zakhvatkin E M. 1952. Collection and Study of Oribatid Mites. Moscow: Nauka, 29.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Deepak K B, Keshav S. 2012. Heavy metals accumulation from municipal solid wastes with different animal dung through vermicompsiting by earthworm Eisenia fetida. World Applied Science Journal, 17(1):133–139.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Gilyarov M S. 1975. Account of big invertebrates (Mesofauna). In: Methods of Soil-zoological Studies. Moscow: Nauka, 12–29.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Gilyarov M S, Striganova B R. 1987. Quantitative Methods in Soil Zoology. Moscow: Nauka.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Kasimov N S, Perelman A I. 1995. Geochemical Principles of Ecological and Geographical Taxonomy of Cities. Moscow: Ecogeochemistry of Urban Landscapes, 20–36.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Kloke A. 1980. Orientierungsdaten für tolerierbare gesamtgehalte einiger elemente in kulturboden mitt. VDLUFA. H. 1–3. 23–32.

  8. Kovalsky V V. 1982. Geochemistry of the Environment and Life. Moscow: Nauka, 77.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Mambetkaziev E A, Lobanov F I, Mambetkazieva R A. 2001. The issue of preventing dusting of beaches of tail storages and ways of their solution. Journal Ecology of Eastern Kazakhstan, 27–31.

  10. Min P, Hyo-Taek C, Laszlo M. 2010. Mobility and accumulation of selenium and its relationship with other heavy metals in the system rocks/soils-crops in areas covered by black shale in Korea. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 107(2): 161–168.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Vinogradov A P. 1957. Geochemistry of Rare and Trace Elements in Soils. Moscow: Moscow Academy of Sciences, 238.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jilili Abuduwali.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Beiseyeva, G., Abuduwali, J. Migration and accumulation of heavy metals in disturbed landscapes in developing ore deposits, East Kazakhstan. J. Arid Land 5, 180–187 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40333-013-0160-4

Download citation

Keywords

  • disturbed lands
  • dumps
  • waste storage
  • heavy metals
  • accumulation
  • migration
  • East Kazakhstan