Irrigation erosion of irrigated soils in the foothills of southern Kazakhstan

Abstract

This paper presented the results from the study of irrigation erosion of irrigated lands in southern Kazakhstan. The main purpose of the work is the conservation of the fertility of irrigated soils, and then the soils of the upper, middle and lower sections of the slopes at the experimental site were studied. Based on field investigations, authors studied the water resistance of aggregates of gray-brown soils and light gray soils before and after irrigation and qualitative indicators of changes in physical and chemical properties of structured soils in irrigation were determined by conventional methods of soil research. The results indicated that the changes in the physical properties of soils by using polymeric compounds created a fundamentally new opportunity to control water erosion of soils.

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Correspondence to Jilili Abuduwaili.

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Saparov, A.S., Mirzakeev, E.K., Sharypova, T.M. et al. Irrigation erosion of irrigated soils in the foothills of southern Kazakhstan. J. Arid Land 5, 166–171 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40333-013-0157-z

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Keywords

  • irrigation erosion
  • furrow irrigation
  • structure-forming polymers
  • deformation of furrows
  • permissible water speed
  • aggregate water stability