Limitations and Exceptions as Key Elements of the Legal Framework for Copyright in the European Union – Opinion of the European Copyright Society on the Judgment of the CJEU in Case C-201/13 Deckmyn

  • Christophe Geiger
  • Jonathan Griffiths
  • Martin Senftleben
  • Lionel Bently
  • Raquel Xalabarder


In this opinion, the European Copyright Society (ECS) puts on record its views on the issues raised by the Judgment of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) in Case C-201/13, Deckmyn, which departs from the doctrine of strict interpretation of exceptions and limitations in cases in which fundamental rights such as freedom of expression are involved. The opinion welcomes this development for the following reasons: firstly, due to the importance of exceptions and limitations in facilitating creativity and securing a fair balance between the protection of and access to copyright works; secondly, because of the Court’s determination to secure a harmonized interpretation of the meaning of exceptions and limitations; thirdly, because of the Court’s adoption of an approach to the interpretation of exceptions and limitations which promotes their effectiveness and purpose; and, finally, due to the Court’s recognition of the role of fundamental rights in the copyright system: in particular, its recognition that the parodic use of works is justified by the right to freedom of expression. At the same time, the ECS recommends caution in constraining the scope of exceptions and limitations in a manner that may go beyond what might be considered necessary in a democratic society.


Copyright law Limitations and exceptions Fundamental rights Freedom of expression Deckmyn 


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Copyright information

© Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, Munich 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christophe Geiger
    • 1
  • Jonathan Griffiths
    • 2
  • Martin Senftleben
    • 3
  • Lionel Bently
    • 4
  • Raquel Xalabarder
    • 5
  1. 1.University of StrasbourgStrasbourgFrance
  2. 2.Queen Mary, University of LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Kooijmans Institute for Law and GovernanceVU University AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Centre of Intellectual Property and Information Law (CIPIL)University of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  5. 5.Universitat Oberta de CatalunyaBarcelonaSpain

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