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Principles for Intellectual Property Provisions in Bilateral and Regional Agreements – Reflections on the Ongoing Negotiations of an EU-India FTA

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  1. 1.

    See generally, Lester and Mercurio (2009); von Braun (2012).

  2. 2.

    See Thomas (2005).

  3. 3.

    See El Said (2012); UNDP and UNAIDS (2012).

  4. 4.

    See Sikdar and Nag (2011); Francis (2011); Thangavelu and Findlay 2011).

  5. 5.

    See Correa (2009). (Oxfam and EED 2009).

  6. 6.

    See Correa (2009). See also “EU-India Free Trade Agreement: Investment and Intellectual Property Chapters Threaten Access to Medicines”, Joint Statement by Access to Essential Medicine, ITPC, APN, Health Poverty Action, Oxfam and Hai (2010).

  7. 7.

    This draft is available at: (accessed 28 August 2013). It is not clear whether this is the official document.

  8. 8.

    See Press Information Bureau, Government of India, Prime Minister’s Office, 30 April 2011, available at: (accessed 28 August 2013).

  9. 9.

    See “EU-India FTA: EU pushes for IP enforcement – IP chapter draft text under negotiation”, KEI (11 March 2013); and “Leaked IP Chapter of India-EU FTA Shows TRIPS-Plus Pitfalls for India, Expert Says”, Intellectual Property Watch (12 March 2013).

  10. 10.

    See Wouters et al. (2013).

  11. 11.

    See Art. 15 in the Preliminary Draft dated 23 April 2010.

  12. 12.

    The only document available is the “Report of the EU-India High Level Trade Group to The EU-India Summit, 13 October 2006”. There is no evaluation of the possible implications of accepting IPR obligations as demanded by EU. Available at: (accessed 2 September 2013).


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Gopalakrishnan, N.S. Principles for Intellectual Property Provisions in Bilateral and Regional Agreements – Reflections on the Ongoing Negotiations of an EU-India FTA. IIC 44, 920–924 (2013).

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  • Intellectual Property
  • Free Trade Agreement
  • Trips Agreement
  • Ongoing Negotiation
  • Draft Text