Skip to main content

Literacy and Connected Learning Within a Participatory Culture: Linkages to Collective Intelligence Efficacy and Civic Engagement

Abstract

Researchers have indicated that the widespread adoption of digital technologies has changed the way we interact with each other and distinguishes digital natives from their older counterparts. Since young people are actively engaged in participatory cultures, this study aims to explore the linkages of aspects of literacy and principles of connected learning to their collective intelligence efficacy and civic engagement. With a sample of 304 Taiwanese college students, the findings suggest that there are three aspects of the expanded conception of literacy. While literacy as readers and information users, as well as literacy as authors and information creators are both linked to collective intelligence efficacy, the third aspect of critical literacy, which reflects an epistemological shift to cope with the participatory information environment, is linked to young people’s civic engagement, defined by political expression in various forms and by achieving social change in creative ways. Among the four principles of connected learning, however, the principle of fostering a sense of shared purpose mediated by new media and online communities is strongly associated with collected intelligence efficacy, defined by how young people perceive their capability for collaborating with others and making contributions. Overall, the findings provide empirical support for associations among notions/variables with broadened perspectives and re-conceptualizations that are insightful for understanding the Net generation’s new social practices.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Alvermann, D. E. (2008). Why bother theorizing adolescents’ online literacies for classroom practice and research? Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 52(1), 8–19.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Bennett, W. L., Freelon, D., & Wells, C. (2010). Changing citizen identity and the rise of a participatory media culture. Handbook of research on civic engagement in youth, pp. 393–423.

  3. Brown, C., Czerniewicz, L., & Noakes, T. (2016). Online content creation: Looking at students’ social media practices through a connected learning lens. Learning, Media and Technology, 41(1), 140–159.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Chen, S. Y., Kuo, H. Y. & Chang, H.-Y. (to appear). Information practices among Taiwanese writers and makers: An exploration on digital natives. Journal of Documentation.

  5. Davies, J. (2012). Facework on facebook as a new literacy practice. Computers & Education, 59(1), 19–29.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Davis, K., & Fullerton, S. (2016). Connected learning in and after school: Exploring technology’s role in the learning experiences of diverse high school students. The Information Society, 32(2), 98–116.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Dawson, S., & Siemens, G. (2014). Analytics to literacies: The development of a learning analytics framework for multiliteracies assessment. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 15(4), 284–305.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Deng, L., Connelly, J., & Lau, M. (2016). Interest-driven digital practices of secondary students: Cases of connected learning. Learning, Culture and Social Interaction, 9, 45–54.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Gan, Y. C., & Zhu, Z. T. (2007). A learning framework for knowledge building and collective wisdom advancement in virtual learning communities. Educational Technology and Society, 10(1), 206–226.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Guo, J., Liu, Z., & Liu, Y. (2016). Key success factors for the launch of government social media platform: Identifying the formation mechanism of continuance intention. Computers in Human Behavior, 55, 750–763.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. International Reading Association. (2009). New literacies and 21st-century technologies: A position statement of the International Reading Association. Newark, DE: International Reading Association.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Ito, M., Gutiérrez, K., Livingstone, S., Penuel, B., Rhodes, J., Salen, K., et al. (2013). Connected learning: An agenda for research and design. Pennsauken, NJ: BookBaby.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Ito, M., Soep, E., Kligler-Vilenchik, N., Shresthova, S., Gamber-Thompson, L., & Zimmerman, A. (2015). Learning connected civics: Narratives, practices, infrastructures. Curriculum Inquiry, 45(1), 10–29.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Jenkins, H., Purushotma, R., Weigel, M., Clinton, K., & Robison, A. J. (2009). Confronting the challenges of participatory culture: Media education for the 21st century. Cambridge, MA: Mit Press.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Kim, E.-M., & Yang, S. (2016). Internet literacy and digital natives’ civic engagement: Internet skill literacy or internet information literacy? Journal of Youth Studies, 19(4), 438–456.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Knobel, M., & Lankshear, C. (2014). Studying new literacies. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 58(2), 97–101.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Ko, H. W., & Tai, J. H.-Y. (2010). Report on developing the framework of adult literacy indices. Taiwan: National Science Foundation.

    Google Scholar 

  18. Lankshear, C., & Knobel, M. (2006). New literacies: Everyday practices and classroom learning. Berkshire: Open University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Lee, L., Chen, D.-T., Li, J.-Y., & Lin, T.-B. (2015). Understanding new media literacy: The development of a measuring instrument. Computers & Education, 85, 84–93.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Lévy, P. (2010). From social computing to reflexive collective intelligence: The IEML research program. Information Sciences, 180(1), 71–94.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Lin, T.-B., Li, J.-Y., Deng, F., & Lee, L. (2013). Understanding new media literacy: An explorative theoretical framework. Educational Technology & Society, 16(4), 160–170.

    Google Scholar 

  22. Maul, A., Penuel, W. R., Dadey, N., Gallagher, L. P., Podkul, T., & Proce, E. (2017). Measuring experiences of interest-related pursuits in connected learning. Educational Technology Research and Development, 65, 1–28.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Prensky, M. (2001). Digital natives, digital immigrants part 1. On the Horizon, 9(5), 1–6.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Rosen, L. D. (2010). Rewired: Understanding the iGeneration and the way they learn. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

  25. Soleša-Grijak, Đ., & Soleša, D. (2015). Survey of collective intelligence as interdisciplinary phenomenon. Hrvatski Časopis za Odgoj i Obrazovanje, 17(1), 243–260.

    Google Scholar 

  26. Spiranec, S., Banek Zorica, M., & Kos, D. (2016). Information literacy in participatory environments: The turn towards a Critical Literacy perspective. Journal of Documentation, 72(2), 247–264.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. Stordy, P. (2015). Taxonomy of literacies. Journal of Documentation, 71(3), 456–476.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Street, B. (1984). Literacy in theory and practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  29. Tapscott, D. (2009). Grown up digital: How the net generation is changing your world. New York: McGraw-Hill.

    Google Scholar 

  30. Zembylas, M., & Vrasidas, C. (2005). Globalization, information and communication technologies, and the prospect of a ‘global village’: Promises of inclusion or electronic colonization? Journal of Curriculum Studies, 37(1), 65–83.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

The author would like to thank the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of China for financially supporting this research under Contract No. (MOST 104-2410-H-007-030-SS2).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Su-Yen Chen.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Chen, SY. Literacy and Connected Learning Within a Participatory Culture: Linkages to Collective Intelligence Efficacy and Civic Engagement. Asia-Pacific Edu Res 27, 167–175 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40299-018-0375-4

Download citation

Keywords

  • Literacy
  • Connected learning
  • Collective intelligence
  • Civic engagement
  • College students