The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 239–247 | Cite as

The Relationship Between Teachers’ Online Homework Guidance and Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge about Educational Use of Web

  • Ying ZhouEmail author
  • Ching Sing Chai
  • Jyh-Chong Liang
  • Mei Jin
  • Chin-Chung Tsai
Regular Article


The development of e-learning and digital campus has prompted more and more teachers to assign online homework to students. Consequently, teachers need to provide sufficient and relevant guidance for such homework. Teachers’ online homework guidance (TOHG) is conceptually connected with their level of technological pedagogical content knowledge about educational use of Web (TPACK-W). This study employed two questionnaires: a self-developed questionnaire for TOHG and a revised TPACK-W questionnaire to study how TOHG is associated with TPACK-W through correlation and regression analysis. Two hundred and eighty-four teacher participants from China who had experience in assigning online homework were asked to complete the questionnaires. This study validated the questionnaires and established significant relationship between the TOHG and TPACK-W. The study expanded current understanding of TPACK through the factors associated with online homework. The findings showed that the level of teachers’ online homework guidance was significantly related to their TPACK-W, and the two factors of Web-Pedagogical Knowledge and Web-Pedagogical-Content Knowledge in the TPACK-W questionnaire could predict the TOHG. Future teachers’ professional development for the construction of TPACK-W should include discussions and guidelines of online homework.


Online homework TPACK-W Online teaching E-learning Online tutor 



We are grateful for the valuable suggestions from Prof. Huang-Yao Hong, Prof. Chun-Ping Zheng, and Miss Meng Li.


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Copyright information

© De La Salle University 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Advanced Innovation Center for Future EducationBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.National Institute of EducationNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore
  3. 3.Program of Learning SciencesNational Taiwan Normal UniversityTaipei CityTaiwan
  4. 4.School of HumanitiesBeijing University of Posts and TelecommunicationsBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.Faculty of EducationBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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