The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher

, Volume 26, Issue 3–4, pp 193–204 | Cite as

Students’ Self-Efficacy and Attitudes Toward Web-Based Recipe Learning in Taiwan Culinary Education

  • Ching-Yeh Wang
  • Meng-Jung Tsai
Regular Article


The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between the self-efficacies and the attitudes toward Web-based Recipe Learning (WRL) of 296 culinary college students in Taiwan. Factors of the WRL Self-Efficacy Scale and the WRL Attitudes Scale were identified in this study using exploratory factor analyses. Both scales showed a good inter-correlation matrix. Correlation and mediational effect analyses were used to examine the relationships between the students’ self-efficacy and attitudes, and several significant findings are reported. First, students’ self-efficacies had positive relations with their attitudes toward WRL. In addition, students’ ‘Ingredient Recognition’ self-efficacy was found to significantly predict the other two dimensions of self-efficacy: ‘Knife Skills’ and ‘Cooking Procedure.’ Moreover, students’ ‘Ingredient Recognition’ self-efficacy was found to significantly predict their WRL attitudes of ‘Usefulness’ via a mediated variable, ‘Cooking Procedure’ self-efficacy. To sum up, the results suggest that ‘Ingredient Recognition’ is a fundamental level of WRL self-efficacy, while both ‘Knife Skills’ and ‘Cooking Procedure’ are advanced levels of WRL self-efficacies. And, when considering the mediational effect, culinary college students’ self-efficacy for cooking procedure is an important mediator between the fundamental self-efficacy and attitudes in web-based culinary learning.


Web-based learning Recipe learning Self-efficacy Attitudes Culinary education 



This paper was financially supported by the research projects provided by the Ministry of Science and Technology in Taiwan under the following grant numbers: MOST 103-2511-S-011-005-MY3 and MOST 103-2511-S-011-002-MY3.


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Copyright information

© De La Salle University 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate Institute of Applied Science and TechnologyNational Taiwan University of Science and TechnologyTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Graduate Institute of Digital Learning and EducationNational Taiwan University of Science and TechnologyTaipeiTaiwan

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