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HOMA-IR as a predictor of Health Outcomes in Patients with Metabolic Risk Factors: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

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Abstract

Introduction

There exists clinical interest in the following question: Is there an association between HOMA-IR and the risk of developing metabolic diseases?

Aims

Assessing the association between high values of HOMA-IR with the incidence of T2DM, MACE, essential hypertension, dyslipidemia, NASH, and cancer in healthy participants and participants with a component of metabolic syndrome.

Methods

Databases were searched by an experienced librarian to find eligible studies. Observational cohort studies enrolling healthy adults and adults with metabolic syndrome components that evaluated HOMA as a marker of IR were considered for inclusion. Eligibility assessment, data extraction and risk of bias assessment were performed independently and in duplicate. Baseline characteristics of patients, cutoff values of HOMA-IR to predict metabolic events were extracted independently and in duplicate.

Results

38 studies (215,878 participants) proved eligible. A higher HOMA-IR value had a significant effect on the risk of developing T2DM (HR 1.87; CI 1.40–2.49), presenting non-fatal MACE (HR 1.46; CI 1.08–1.97) and hypertension (HR 1.35; CI 1.15–1.59). No association was found regarding cancer mortality and fatal MACE with higher HOMA-IR values, there was not enough information to carry out a meta-analysis to establish an association between higher values of HOMA with cancer incidence, dyslipidemia, and NASH.

Conclusions

High values of HOMA were associated with an increased risk of diabetes, hypertension, and non-fatal MACE; yet, not for cardiovascular or cancer mortality. More research is needed to determine the value of the HOMA index in metabolic and cardiovascular outcomes.

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CRD42020187645.

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Conceptualization: [José G González-González and René Rodríguez-Gutiérrez] ; methodology [René Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Alejandro D González-Colmenero and Miguel Zambrano-Lucio]; formal analysis and investigation: [Miguel Zambrano-Lucio, Patricia L Castillo-Morales and Mariano Garcia-Campa]; writing-original draft preparation: [Jorge R Violante-Cumpa, Miguel Zambrano-Lucio and Erick Burciaga-Jimenez]; writing-review and editing: [Erick Burciaga-Jimenez, Jorge R Violante-Cumpa, Patricia L Castillo-Morales and Ricardo César Solis]; funding acquisition: [NA]; resources: [NA]; supervision: [José G González-González and René Rodríguez-Gutiérrez]

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Correspondence to René Rodríguez-Gutiérrez.

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González-González, J.G., Violante-Cumpa, J.R., Zambrano-Lucio, M. et al. HOMA-IR as a predictor of Health Outcomes in Patients with Metabolic Risk Factors: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. High Blood Press Cardiovasc Prev 29, 547–564 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40292-022-00542-5

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