It is important to optimise the functional recovery process to enhance patient outcomes after major injury such as anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). This requires in part more high-quality original research, but also an approach to translate existing research into practice to overcome the research to implementation barriers. This includes research on ACLR athletes, but also research on other pathologies, which with some modification can be valuable to the ACLR patient. One important consideration after ACLR is the recovery of hamstring muscle function, particularly when using ipsilateral hamstring autograft. Deficits in knee flexor function after ACLR are associated with increased risk of knee osteoarthritis, altered gait and sport-type movement quality, and elevated risk of re-injury upon return to sport. After ACLR and the early post-operative period, there are often considerable deficits in hamstring function which need to be overcome as part of the functional recovery process. To achieve this requires consideration of many factors including the types of strength to recover (e.g., maximal and explosive, multiplanar not just uniplanar), specific programming principles (e.g., periodised resistance programme) and exercise selection. There is a need to know how to train the hamstrings, but also apply this to the ACLR athlete. In this paper, the authors discuss the deficits in hamstring function after ACLR, the considerations on how to restore these deficits and align this information to the ACLR functional recovery process, providing recommendation on how to recover hamstring function after ACLR.
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No sources of funding were used to assist in the preparation of this article.
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare they have no conflicts of interest relevant to the content of this review.
MB conceived the idea for the manuscript and wrote the first versions of the manuscript. All other authors provided intellectual contribution as part of the redrafting process within their clinical areas of expertise.
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Buckthorpe, M., Danelon, F., La Rosa, G. et al. Recommendations for Hamstring Function Recovery After ACL Reconstruction. Sports Med 51, 607–624 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-020-01400-x