Skip to main content
Log in

Comment on “Biological Background of Block Periodized Endurance Training: A Review”

  • Letter to the Editor
  • Published:
Sports Medicine Aims and scope Submit manuscript

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.


  1. Sagan C. The demon-haunted world: science as a candle in the dark. New York: Ballantine Books; 1995.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Issurin VB. Biological background of block periodized endurance training: a review. Sports Med. 2019;49(1):31–9.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Bourne ND. Fast science: a history of training theory and methods for elite runners through 1975. Austin: University of Texas; 2008.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Stellingwerff T. Case study: nutrition and training periodization in three elite marathon runners. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2012;22(5):392–400.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Goutianos G. Block periodization training of endurance athletes: a theoretical approach based on molecular biology. Cell Mol Exerc Physiol. 2016;4(2):e9.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Kiely J. Periodization theory: confronting an inconvenient truth. Sports Med. 2018;48(4):753–64.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Matveyev LP. Fundamentals of sports training. English translation of the revised Russian version. Moscow: Progress Publishers; 1981.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Verkhoshansky Y. Main features of a modern scientific sports training theory. New Stud Athl. 1998;13:9–20.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Bompa TO, Buzzichelli C. Periodization: theory and methodology of training. Champaign: Human Kinetics; 2018.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Hackney AC, Lane AR. Exercise and the regulation of endocrine hormones. Prog Mol Biol Transl Sci. 2015;135:293–311.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  11. Kraemer WJ, Ratamess NA, Nindl BC. Recovery responses of testosterone, growth hormone, and IGF-1 after resistance exercise. J Appl Physiol. 2016;122(3):549–58.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  12. Hayes LD, Grace FM, Baker JS, et al. Exercise-induced responses in salivary testosterone, cortisol, and their ratios in men: a meta-analysis. Sports Med. 2015;45(5):713–26.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  13. Morton RW, Sato K, Gallaugher MP, et al. Muscle androgen receptor content but not systemic hormones is associated with resistance training-induced skeletal muscle hypertrophy in healthy, young men. Front Physiol. 2018;9:1373.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  14. Sgrò P, Romanelli F, Felici F, et al. Testosterone responses to standardized short-term sub-maximal and maximal endurance exercises: issues on the dynamic adaptive role of the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis. J Endocrinol Investig. 2014;37(1):13–24.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Vingren JL, Kraemer WJ, Ratamess NA, et al. Testosterone physiology in resistance exercise and training. Sports Med. 2010;40(12):1037–53.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  16. Hayes LD, Bickerstaff GF, Baker JS. Interactions of cortisol, testosterone, and resistance training: influence of circadian rhythms. Chronobiol Int. 2010;27(4):675–705.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  17. Greenham G, Buckley JD, Garrett J, et al. Biomarkers of physiological responses to periods of intensified, non-resistance-based exercise training in well-trained male athletes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Med. 2018;48(11):2517–48.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  18. Pickering C, Kiely J. Do non-responders to exercise exist, and if so, what should we do about them? Sports Med. 2019;49(1):1–7.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  19. Shamim B, Devlin BL, Timmins RG, et al. Adaptations to concurrent training in combination with high protein availability: a comparative trial in healthy, recreationally active men. Sports Med. 2018;48(12):2869–83.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  20. Berryman N, Mujika I, Bosquet L. Concurrent training for sports performance: the two sides of the medal. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2019;14(3):279–85.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  21. Murlasits Z, Kneffel Z, Thalib L. The physiological effects of concurrent strength and endurance training sequence: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Sports Sci. 2018;36(11):1212–9.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  22. Fyfe JJ, Bishop DJ, Stepto NK. Interference between concurrent resistance and endurance exercise: molecular bases and the role of individual training variables. Sports Med. 2014;44(6):743–62.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  23. Skovgaard C, Christensen PM, Larsen S, et al. Concurrent speed endurance and resistance training improves performance, running economy, and muscle NHE1 in moderately trained runners. J Appl Physiol. 2014;117(10):1097–109.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to John Kiely.

Ethics declarations


No sources of funding were used for the preparation of this letter.

Conflict of interest

John Kiely, Craig Pickering and Israel Halperin have no conflicts of interest that are directly relevant to the content of this letter.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Kiely, J., Pickering, C. & Halperin, I. Comment on “Biological Background of Block Periodized Endurance Training: A Review”. Sports Med 49, 1475–1477 (2019).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: