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Table 1 Digestible indispensable amino acid score (DIAAS) and protein digestibility-corrected amino acid score (PDCASS) for isolated proteins and whole foods

From: Food-First Approach to Enhance the Regulation of Post-exercise Skeletal Muscle Protein Synthesis and Remodeling

  DIAASa PDCAAS (nontruncated)b Referencesc
Animal-derived foods
 Whey protein isolatee 1.00 0.99 [17]
 Whey protein concentratee 1.07 1.00 (1.07) [17]
 Milk protein concentratee 1.20 1.00 (1.21) [17]
 Skimmed milk proteine 1.05 1.00 (1.12) [17]
 Whole milk powdere 1.16 1.00 (1.16) [66]
 Caseine, f 1.09 1.00 (1.20) [67, 68]
 Cow milke 1.16   [66]
 Sheep milke 1.09   [66]
 Goat milke 1.24   [66]
 Whole egg, boilede 1.13 1.00 (1.05) [66]
 Beefe 1.12 1.00 (1.14) [69]
 Porke 1.14 1.00 [66]
 Chicken breaste 1.08 1.00 (1.01) [66]
 Tilapia (fish)d 1.00   [69]
Non-animal-derived foods
 Soya protein isolatee 0.84 0.93 [17]
 Soya floure 0.89 0.98 [17]
 Wheate 0.45 0.50 [17]
 Pea protein concentratee 0.62 0.75 [17]
 Cooked peasf 0.58 0.60 [70]
 Oat protein concentratee 0.67 0.69 [71]
 Cooked rolled oatsf 0.54 0.67 [70]
 Rice protein concentratef 0.37 0.42 [70]
 Cooked ricef 0.60 0.62 [70]
 Ryee 0.48 0.59 [69]
 Barleye 0.47 0.59 [69]
 Pease 0.65 0.79 [69]
 Sorghume,f 0.29 0.29 [72, 73]
 Cooked kidney beansf 0.59 0.65 [70]
 Roasted peanutsf 0.43 0.51 [70]
 Corn based breakfast cerealf 0.01 0.08 [70]
  1. Only values that used the scoring patterns for children older than 3 years, adolescents, and adults were selected
  2. aValues for DIAAS were calculated from the ileal digestibility of amino acids
  3. bValues for PDCAAS were calculated from the total tract digestibility of crude protein
  4. cAll values for DIAAS and PDCAAS were selected in humans, if available, growing pigs, or in growing rats in that order
  5. dMeasured in humans
  6. eMeasured in pigs
  7. fMeasured in rats