Sports Medicine

, Volume 48, Issue 5, pp 1059–1081 | Cite as

Methodological Characteristics and Future Directions for Plyometric Jump Training Research: A Scoping Review

  • Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo
  • Cristian Álvarez
  • Antonio García-Hermoso
  • Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
  • Paulo Gentil
  • Abbas Asadi
  • Helmi Chaabene
  • Jason Moran
  • Cesar Meylan
  • Antonio García-de-Alcaraz
  • Javier Sanchez-Sanchez
  • Fabio Y. Nakamura
  • Urs Granacher
  • William Kraemer
  • Mikel IzquierdoEmail author
Review Article


Recently, there has been a proliferation of published articles on the effect of plyometric jump training, including several review articles and meta-analyses. However, these types of research articles are generally of narrow scope. Furthermore, methodological limitations among studies (e.g., a lack of active/passive control groups) prevent the generalization of results, and these factors need to be addressed by researchers. On that basis, the aims of this scoping review were to (1) characterize the main elements of plyometric jump training studies (e.g., training protocols) and (2) provide future directions for research. From 648 potentially relevant articles, 242 were eligible for inclusion in this review. The main issues identified related to an insufficient number of studies conducted in females, youths, and individual sports (~ 24.0, ~ 37.0, and ~ 12.0% of overall studies, respectively); insufficient reporting of effect size values and training prescription (~ 34.0 and ~ 55.0% of overall studies, respectively); and studies missing an active/passive control group and randomization (~ 40.0 and ~ 20.0% of overall studies, respectively). Furthermore, plyometric jump training was often combined with other training methods and added to participants’ daily training routines (~ 47.0 and ~ 39.0% of overall studies, respectively), thus distorting conclusions on its independent effects. Additionally, most studies lasted no longer than 7 weeks. In future, researchers are advised to conduct plyometric training studies of high methodological quality (e.g., randomized controlled trials). More research is needed in females, youth, and individual sports. Finally, the identification of specific dose-response relationships following plyometric training is needed to specifically tailor intervention programs, particularly in the long term.



No sources of funding were used to assist in the preparation of the present review.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors (Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Cristian Álvarez, Antonio García-Hermoso, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Paulo Gentil, Abbas Asadi, Helmi Chaabene, Jason Moran, Cesar Meylan, Antonio García-de-Alcaraz, Javier Sanchez-Sanchez, Fabio Y. Nakamura, Urs Granacher, William Kraemer, and Mikel Izquierdo) declare that they have no conflict of interest relevant to the content of this review.

Supplementary material

40279_2018_870_MOESM1_ESM.docx (201 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 200 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad de Los Lagos, Department of Physical Activity Sciences, Research Nucleus in Health, Physical Activity and SportOsornoChile
  2. 2.Laboratorio de Ciencias de la Actividad Física, el Deporte y la Salud, Facultad de Ciencias MédicasUniversidad de Santiago de Chile, USACHSantiagoChile
  3. 3.Centro de Estudios para la Medición de la Actividad Física “CEMA”, Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la SaludUniversidad del RosarioBogotáColombia
  4. 4.Faculdade de Educação Física e DançaUniversidade Federal de GoiasGoiâniaBrazil
  5. 5.Department of Physical Education and Sport SciencesPayame Noor UniversityTehranIran
  6. 6.Division of Training and Movement Sciences, Research Focus Cognition SciencesUniversity of PotsdamPotsdamGermany
  7. 7.High Institute of Sports and Physical EducationUniversity of JendoubaKefTunisia
  8. 8.Department of SportUniversity Centre Hartpury, University of the West of EnglandBristolUK
  9. 9.Canadian Sport Institute PacificVancouverCanada
  10. 10.Canadian Soccer AssociationOttawaCanada
  11. 11.School of Kinesiology, Faculty of EducationUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  12. 12.LFE Research Group, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport SciencesUniversidad Politécnica de MadridMadridSpain
  13. 13.Faculty of Health SciencesUniversity Isabel IBurgosSpain
  14. 14.Research Group Planning and Assessment of Training and Athletic PerformancePontifical University of SalamancaSalamancaSpain
  15. 15.The College of Healthcare SciencesJames Cook UniversityQueenslandAustralia
  16. 16.Department of Medicine and Aging Sciences“G. d’Annunzio” University of Chieti-PescaraChietiItaly
  17. 17.Neuroscience/Neuromuscular Human Research Laboratory, Department of Human SciencesThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  18. 18.Department of Health SciencesPublic University of NavarreTudelaSpain

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