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Sports Medicine

, Volume 48, Issue 3, pp 499–505 | Cite as

Volume for Muscle Hypertrophy and Health Outcomes: The Most Effective Variable in Resistance Training

  • Vandré Casagrande Figueiredo
  • Belmiro Freitas de Salles
  • Gabriel S. Trajano
Current Opinion

Abstract

Resistance training is the most effective method to increase muscle mass. It has also been shown to promote many health benefits. Although it is deemed safe and of clinical relevance for treating and preventing a vast number of diseases, a time-efficient and minimal dose of exercise has been the focus of a great number of research studies. Similarly, an inverted U-shaped relationship between training dose/volume and physiological response has been hypothesized to exist. However, the majority of available evidence supports a clear dose-response relationship between resistance training volume and physiological responses, such as muscle hypertrophy and health outcomes. Additionally, there is a paucity of data to support the inverted U-shaped response. Although it may indeed exist, it appears to be much more plastic than previously thought. The overarching principle argued herein is that volume is the most easily modifiable variable that has the most evidenced-based response with important repercussions, be these muscle hypertrophy or health-related outcomes.

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Funding

No sources of funding were used to assist in the preparation of this article.

Conflict of Interest

Vandré Casagrande Figueiredo, Belmiro Freitas de Salles and Gabriel Trajano declare that they have no conflicts of interest relevant to the content of this review.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vandré Casagrande Figueiredo
    • 1
    • 4
  • Belmiro Freitas de Salles
    • 2
  • Gabriel S. Trajano
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Muscle BiologyUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA
  2. 2.Physical Education Post-Graduation ProgramUniversidade Federal do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  3. 3.School of Exercise and Nutrition SciencesInstitute of Health and Biomedical innovation, Queensland University of TechnologyBrisbaneAustralia
  4. 4.University of Kentucky, College of Health SciencesLexingtonUSA

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