Table 2 Proposed drug safety/pharmacovigilance core competencies

From: Artificial Intelligence and the Future of the Drug Safety Professional

Skillsets: analytical/assessment skills
Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Ability to understand concepts of artificial intelligence, natural language processing, machine learning and deep learning Ability to distinguish and describe concepts of artificial intelligence, natural language processing, machine learning and deep learning Ability to describe and train on concepts of artificial intelligence, natural language processing, machine learning and deep learning
Ability to interact with and identify issues with artificial intelligence, natural language processing, machine learning and deep-learning outputs in user interface Ability to troubleshoot with artificial intelligence, natural language processing, machine learning and deep-learning outputs in user interface Ability to modify artificial intelligence, natural language processing, machine learning and deep-learning outputs in user interface, by initiating retraining of algorithm
Understanding of how acceptance or overwriting machine learning outputs in user interface relates to deep learning Troubleshooting issues with acceptance or overwriting machine learning outputs in user interface related to deep learning Resolving issues with acceptance or overwriting machine learning outputs in user interface related to deep learning