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Chemiluminescence Determination of Cefixime Trihydride Based on Acidic Diperiodatoargentate(III)-Rhodamine 6-G System

Abstract

A novel chemiluminescence(CL) method is proposed for cefixime trihydride(CFX) determination based on its enhancement effect on diperiodatoargentate(III)(DPA)-rhodamine 6-G(Rh6-G) reaction in conjunction with flow injection analysis(FIA). A linear calibration curve was achieved over the range from 0.01 mg/L to 2.5 mg/L CFX(R2=0.999, n=8) with relative standard deviation(RSD) of 1.4%—3.8%(n=4)), limit of detection(LOD) of 3.0×10–3 mg/L(S/N=3), injection throughput of 180/h and regression equation of y=1113.2x–14.596[y=CL intensity (mV) and x=concentration of CFX(mg/L)]. The method was successfully applied to CFX determination in pharmaceutical formulations and the recoveries(%) for proposed FI-CL and a reported spectrophotometric method by applying the Student t-test [calculated t-test value: t=1.079215, and tabulated t-distributed(95%)=2.200985] were not significantly different. The CFX was efficiently extracted and no significant effect of commonly found excipients in the pharmaceutical formulations was observed. The mechanism of CL reaction is discussed briefly.

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Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge Nexus Pharma(Pvt.) Limited, Karachi, Pakistan for providing pure cefixime trihydrate as a gift.

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Correspondence to Yaqoob Mohammed.

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Muhammad, Y., Mohammed, Y., Muhammad, A. et al. Chemiluminescence Determination of Cefixime Trihydride Based on Acidic Diperiodatoargentate(III)-Rhodamine 6-G System. Chem. Res. Chin. Univ. 35, 775–781 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40242-019-9073-x

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Keywords

  • Cefixime trihydride
  • Diperiodatoargentate(III)
  • Rhodamine 6-G
  • Chemiluminescence
  • Flow injection analysis
  • Pharmaceutical formulation