Design of L-cysteine functionalized Au@SiO2@Fe3O4/nitrogen-doped graphene nanocomposite and its application in electrochemical detection of Pb2+
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A novel magnetic electrochemical sensor was designed for determination of lead ions based on gold nanoparticles(AuNPs)@SiO2@Fe3O4/nitrogen-doped graphene(NG) composites functionalized with L-cysteine. The Au@SiO2@Fe3O4/NG was synthesized by the electrostatic adsorption between AuNPs and SiO2-coated Fe3O4 NPs(SiO2@Fe3O4) and the amide bond between Au@SiO2@Fe3O4 and NG. L-Cysteine was successfully functionalized on the surface of Au@SiO2@Fe3O4/NG nanocomposites via the S―Au bond between L-cysteine and AuNPs. Owing to numerous active sites in L-cysteines and high conductivity of Au@SiO2@Fe3O4/NG composites, the proposed electrochemical sensor exhibited a well-distributed nanostructure and high responsivity toward Pb(II). The sensor linearly responded to Pb2+ concentration in the range of 5―80 μg/L with a detection limit of 0.6 μg/L, indicating that this L-cysteine functionalized Au@SiO2@Fe3O4/NG composite could be a promising candidate material for the detection of Pb2+.
KeywordsElectrochemical sensor Lead Nitrogen-doped graphene Au@SiO2@Fe3O4 L-Cysteine
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