Chemical Research in Chinese Universities

, Volume 33, Issue 5, pp 779–784 | Cite as

Fluorine-free ionic liquid based on thiocyanate anion with propylene carbonate as electrolytes for supercapacitors: Effects of concentration and temperature

  • Lifeng Zhang
  • Suqing Du
  • Qiaolan Song
  • Yi Liu
  • Shouwu Guo


High performance supercapacitors were constructed using ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium thiocyanate(EmimSCN)-based electrolyte with chemically reduced graphene oxide(CRGO) as electrodes. Propylene carbonate(PC) was selected as the solvent due to its stable physical and electrochemical properties. Then, in-depth study of the concentration and temperature effects on the electrochemical properties of the EmimSCN/PC electrolyte was carried out. Electrochemical measurements revealed that 2.0 mol/L EmimSCN/PC electrolyte delivered good electrochemical performance(131 F/g of the specific capacity after 3000 cycles at room temperature). Moreover, the assembled supercapacitors exhibited good capacitive behavior at an extending temperature(397 F/g of the specific capacity after 3000 cycles at 50 °C), demonstrating that the EmimSCN/PC electrolyte is a promising candidate for safe high-power supercapacitors.


Electrolyte Supercapacitor Ionic liquid Chemically reduced graphene oxide Capacitance 


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Supplementary material

40242_2017_7100_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (248 kb)
Fluorine-free ionic liquid based on thiocyanate anion with propylene carbonate as electrolytes for supercapacitors: effects of concentration and temperature


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Copyright information

© Jilin University, The Editorial Department of Chemical Research in Chinese Universities and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringShaanxi University of Science and TechnologyXi’anP. R. China
  2. 2.Department of Electronic Engineering, School of Electronic Information and Electrical EngineeringShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiP. R. China

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