The conventional water and wastewater treatment methods are unable to provide up-to-data organized standards for drinking water and discharging effluents into natural ecosystems. Therefore, developing advanced and cost-effective methods to achieve published standards for water and wastewater and population needs are nowadays necessity. The important parts of this article are providing literature information about dyes and their effects on the environment and human health, adsorption properties and mechanism, adsorbent characteristics, and recent information on various aspects of modified activated carbons with nanosized metal oxides (AC- NMOs) in the removal of dyes. This review also summarized the effect of main environmental and operational parameters such as adsorbent dosage, pH, initial dye concentration, contact time, and temperature on the dye adsorption using AC-NMOs. Furthermore, the applied isotherm and kinetic models have been discussed.
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Nayeri, D., Mousavi, S.A. Dye removal from water and wastewater by nanosized metal oxides - modified activated carbon: a review on recent researches. J Environ Health Sci Engineer (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40201-020-00566-w
- Activated carbon