The effects of foot exercise with audiovisual and group support foot exercises to diabetes mellitus patients



This study aimed to analyze the effect of audiovisual and group support foot exercises on the Ankle Brachial Pressure Index and foot sensation.


This study used a quasi-experimental design. The sample number of this study was 156 using a purposive sampling technique. The research group was divided into three groups. The variables measured in this study were ABPI, foot sensation, and foot exercise experience. The statistical analysis was conducted by a paired-sample t-test, an independent-sample t-test, and a two-way Manova.


The results showed that each group had a difference in how ABPI and foot sensation were influenced (p = 0.000). Additionally, audiovisual and group support foot exercises have been shown to influence ABPI (p = 0.000) and foot sensation (p) = 0.000).


Audiovisual and group support foot exercises significantly influenced the Ankle Brachial Pressure Index value and foot sensation in diabetic mellitus patients. This intervention is encouraged for diabetic mellitus patients who would like to see the benefits of exercise and group support.

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Correspondence to Ferry Efendi.

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Faizah, R., Efendi, F. & Suprajitno, S. The effects of foot exercise with audiovisual and group support foot exercises to diabetes mellitus patients. J Diabetes Metab Disord (2021).

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  • Ankle brachial pressure index
  • Foot exercises
  • Foot sensation
  • Group support