Depression in Barbadian adults with type 2 diabetes



The aim of this study was to explore the frequency and distribution of depression in Barbadian adults with type 2 diabetes.


Adults aged 20–80 years with type 2 diabetes, completed a cross-sectional survey comprised of, a profile section, and the standardized questionnaire; the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). Additionally, biological (HbA1c and blood pressure) measurements were collected.


For the 509 participants, 65.4%, 1.4%, 22% and 8% showed minimal, moderately severe to severe; mild and moderate depression respectively. Female participants ranked higher in depression than males. Persons who reported having never been married were identified as having the greatest prevalence of mild and severe depression. There was a small positive correlation between glycemic control and depression.


The results suggest that the presence of this affective disorder may be under-recognized in Barbadian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Management protocol could incorporate the screening for depression.

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Correspondence to Allison A. DaSantos.

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DaSantos, A.A., Goddard, C. & Ragoobirsingh, D. Depression in Barbadian adults with type 2 diabetes. J Diabetes Metab Disord (2020).

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  • Barbados
  • Depression
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Adults