Benfotiamine reduced collagen IV contents of sciatic nerve in hyperglycemic rats

Abstract

Background

Neuropathy as a common complication of hyperglycemia in diabetic patients is probably caused by metabolic and structural changes in extracellular matrix (ECM) of peripheral nerves. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of benfotiamine (BT) on the structural, biological and mechanical characteristics of rat sciatic nerve in hyperglycemic condition.

Materials and methods

Forty eight adult male Wistar rats were assigned to 6 groups (n = 8): control (healthy rats with no treatment; C), positive control (healthy rats received BT treatment; B), negative control groups 1&2 (hyperglycemic rats kept for 4 and/or 8 weeks; 4WD and 8WD, respectively) and experimental groups 1&2 (hyperglycemic rats treated by daily oral gavage of 100 mg kg− 1 body weight BT for 4 and/or 8 weeks; 4WD + BT and 8WD + BT, respectively). Hyperglycemia was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of of streptozotocin (55 mg kg− 1 body weight). After a period of experimental period (4 and/or 8 weeks) rats were sacrificed and from each two segments (1 cm length) of left sciatic nerve were sampled. These samples were prepared for histological examinations (light and electron microscopy), collagen IV immunohistochemistry and strength tensile test.

Results

In comparison to control groups, in 4WD and 8WD groups the amount of type IV collagen was increased, the structure of myelin sheath and nerve fibers were extensively altered and the tensile strength was significantly decreased (p < 0.05) while in 4WD + BT and 8WD + BT groups these abnormalities were attenuated.

Conclusions

It seems that BT treatment may rescue the sciatic nerve from the hyperglycemic-induced ECM structural abnormality. This beneficial advantage of BT is likely exerted through the modification of glucose metabolism pathways.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by a grant (No. 41853) from Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, which is greatly appreciated.

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Correspondence to Morteza Behnam Rassouli.

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Highlights

In clinic, benfotiamine is prescribed for the treatment of diabetic neuropathy. In the present research the preventive effect of BT on hyperglycemic-induced structural abnormalities of sciatic nerve are highlighted.

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Vafadar Ghasemi, L., Behnam Rassouli, M., Matin, M.M. et al. Benfotiamine reduced collagen IV contents of sciatic nerve in hyperglycemic rats. J Diabetes Metab Disord (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40200-020-00666-2

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Keywords

  • Benfotiamine
  • Sciatic nerve
  • Diabetes
  • Collagen IV
  • Tensile strength