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The efficacy of physiotherapy interventions in mitigating the symptoms and complications of diabetic peripheral neuropathy: A systematic review

Abstract

Purpose

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) leads to decreased sole sensation and balance disorder, all of which increase the risk of falls and socioeconomic costs. Since the physiotherapists do not use the same manner to lessen the complications of this problem. Therefore, this review study was directed to appraise physiotherapy intervention efficiencies in diminishing DPN’s symptoms and complications.

Method

A database search of Pubmed, Elsevier, Google Scholar, and Embase was performed to determine DPN’s published documents. Finally, studies of DPN and treatments available in this field, particularly physiotherapy that included electrotherapy, exercise therapy, and other therapies, were identified.

Result

According to a database search on August 1, 2019, from 1989 to 2019, in the last 30 years, about 968 articles were found, 345 of which were free full text available, and finally, 19 articles were approved. These articles examined the effects of physiotherapy interventions, including exercise therapy, electrotherapy, and other treatment techniques on DPN patients.

Conclusions

The results showed that most diabetic peripheral neuropathy patients suffer from muscle weakness, pain, loss of balance, and lower limb dysfunction. As a result, their daily activity and Life satisfaction are gradually impaired. Exercise therapy, electrotherapy, and other physiotherapy methods have been used to reduce the mentioned cases. Among these interventions, exercise therapy has been the most effective. Although there was little evidence of aerobic exercise in these patients, further studies should be done on other therapies’ effects.

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Correspondence to Sedigheh Sadat Naimi.

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Jahantigh Akbari, N., Hosseinifar, M., Naimi, S.S. et al. The efficacy of physiotherapy interventions in mitigating the symptoms and complications of diabetic peripheral neuropathy: A systematic review. J Diabetes Metab Disord 19, 1995–2004 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40200-020-00652-8

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Keywords

  • Diabetic neuropathies
  • Physiotherapy techniques
  • Exercise therapy