The effect of aerobic vs. resistance training on plasma homocysteine in individuals with type 2 diabetes

Abstract

Elevated plasma homocysteine concentration is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, which seems to be the main cause of increased mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes. Previous studies have demonstrated the effect of exercise on homocysteine levels and the magnitude of these benefits seems to depend on the type, mode and frequency of training. The present study aimed to compare the effects of aerobic and resistance training on plasma homocysteine in individuals with type 2 diabetes. The study included 15 individuals undergoing aerobic training, 14 subjects undergoing resistance training, and 18 individuals in the control group. Homocysteine, total cholesterol and fractions, glucose, and anthropometric measurements were conducted. The training program lasted 16 weeks. Aerobic training was performed twice a week and lasted 75 min, and resistance training was performed twice a week and lasted 75 min. Homocysteine levels were not significantly different between before and after training. High-density lipoprotein levels increased in both training groups and decreased in the control group. Glucose levels decreased after aerobic and resistance training. Body fat mass (percentage and total) decreased in both training group, but with more expression in the aerobic group. We conclude that 16-week aerobic and resistance training programs did not significantly affect plasma homocysteine levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. Nevertheless, these training programs yielded positive results in HDL control, plasma glucose, and body composition.

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Abbreviations

HPLC:

High-performance liquid chromatography

VLDL:

Very-low-density lipoprotein

LDL:

Low-density lipoprotein

HDL:

High-density lipoprotein

EDTA:

Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid

BMI:

Body mass index

1-RM:

1 Maximum repetition

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Funding

This work was financed by National Funds through FCT - Foundation for Science and Technology under the project UID/DTP/04045/2019.

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Correspondence to Alexandre de Souza e Silva.

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e Silva, A.d., Lacerda, F.V. & da Mota, M.P.G. The effect of aerobic vs. resistance training on plasma homocysteine in individuals with type 2 diabetes. J Diabetes Metab Disord (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40200-020-00596-z

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Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Aerobic training
  • Resistance training
  • Homocysteine